Messerschmitt Me 262

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Me 262
Messerschmitt Me 262A at the National Museum of the USAF.jpg
Messerschmitt Me 262A
 Tipe Pesawat tempur
 Produsen Messerschmitt
 Terbang perdana 18 April 1941 (mesin piston)
18 Juli 1942 (mesin jet) [1]
 Dipensiunkan 1945, Jerman
1957, Cekoslowakia
 Pengguna Luftwaffe
Angkatan Udara Cekoslowakia
 Jumlah produksi 1,430
Me 262 pada ILA Airshow 2006.
Me 262 starting at ILA 2006.jpg

Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe (Jerman untuk Swallow) merupakan pesawat tempur turbin jet pertama di dunia.[2] Me 262 dikeluarkan saat Perang Dunia II dan mulai bertempur pada tahun 1944 sebagai pesawat terbang tempur/pengebom/pengintaian dan pencegat. Pilot Jerman memberi julukan Sturmvogel (Stormbird), sementara Tentara Sekutu menjulukinya dengan nama Turbo atau Blow Job. Me 262 diisukan telah menghancurkan 509 pesawat terbang milik Pihak Sekutu[3] (walaupun ada yang mengatakan lebih tinggi[4]) pihak Jerman diisukan telah kehilangan 100 Me 262.

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pesawat sebanding dalam peran, konfigurasi, dan era
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Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Radinger and Schick 1996, p. 23.
  2. ^ Hecht, Heinrich. The World's First Turbojet Fighter - Messerschmitt Me 262. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing, 1990. ISBN 0-88740-234-8.
  3. ^ Green, William. Warplanes of the Third Reich. New York: Galahad Books, 1970. ISBN 0-88365-666-3.
  4. ^ Morgan and Weal 1998, pp. 78, Appendix. This source estimates that jet fighters of all types produced 745 victories.

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Brown, Eric. Wings on My Sleeve. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2006. ISBN 0-297-84565-9.
  • Butler, Phil. War prizes: An Illustrated Survey of German, Italian and Japanese Aircraft brought to Allied countries During and After the Second World War. Leicestershire, UK: Midland, 1994. ISBN 0-904597-86-5.
  • Ethell, Jeffrey and Alfred Price. The German Jets in Combat. London: Jane's Publishing Company, 1979. ISBN 0-354-01252-5.
  • Ethell, Jeffrey and Alfred Price. World War II Fighting Jets. St. Paul, Minnesota: Motorbooks International, 1994. ISBN 1-55750-940-9.
  • Foreman, John and S.E. Harvey. The Messerschmitt Me 262 Combat Diary. Surrey, UK: Air Research Publications; England, 1990. ISBN 1-871187-30-3.
  • Haunschmied, Rudolf A., Jan-Ruth Mills and Siegi Witzany-Durda. St. Georgen-Gusen-Mauthausen - Concentration Camp Mauthausen Reconsidered. Norderstedt, Germany: BoD, 2008. ISBN 978-3-8334-7610-5.
  • Morgan, Hugh and John Weal. German Jet Aces of World War 2 (Osprey Aircraft of the Aces No 17). London: Osprey, 1998. ISBN 1-85532-634-5.
  • O'Connell, Dan. Messerschmitt Me 262: The Production Log 1941-1945. Leicestershire, UK: Classic Publications, 2006. ISBN 1-903223-59-8.
  • Price, Alfred. "Sleek and Deadly: The Messerschmitt Me 262." Flight Journal, February 2007.
  • Price, Alfred. The Last Year of the Luftwaffe: May 1944 to May 1945. London: Greenhill Books, 1993. ISBN 1-85367-440-0.
  • Radinger, Will and Walter Schick. Me262 (in German). Berlin: Avantic Verlag GmbH, 1996. ISBN 3-925505-21-0.
  • Smith, J. Richard. Messerschmitt: An Aircraft Album. New York: Arco Publishing, 1971. ISBN 0-668-02505-5.
  • Smith, J. Richard and Edward J. Creek. Jet Planes of the Third Reich. Boylston, Massachusetts: Monogram Aviation Publications, 1982. ISBN 0-914144-27-8.

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