Liga Champions CONCACAF

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Liga Champions CONCACAF
CONCACAF CL logo.png
Dibentuk 1962 (Piala Champions)
2008 (Liga Champions)
Wilayah Amerika Utara,
Amerika Tengah, Karibia
(CONCACAF)
Jumlah tim 24
Juara bertahan Bendera Meksiko Monterrey (gelar ke-2)
Klub tersukses Bendera Meksiko Cruz Azul
Bendera Meksiko Club América
(5 gelar)
Situs web Liga Champions CONCACAF
Soccerball current event.svg Liga Champions CONCACAF 2012–13

Liga Champions CONCACAF adalah kejuaraan klub sepak bola internasional tahunan untuk tim-tim di wilayah CONCACAF (Amerika Utara, Amerika Tengah, dan Karibia). Pemenang Liga Champions CONCACAF berhak mengikuti Piala Dunia Antarklub FIFA.

Sampai 2008, kompetisi level teratas untuk klub-klub di CONCACAF adalah Piala Champions CONCACAF. The tournament was played in a variety of formats over the years. In 2008, CONCACAF announced a change in both name and format, inviting twenty-four teams to participate in a preliminary round, group stage, and knockout tournament called the CONCACAF Champions' League.

Between 2008-09 and 2011–12, the tournament was played as a twenty-four team tournament with a preliminary round, followed by a sixteen-team group stage (four groups of four), followed by an eight-team home-and-away single-elimination tournament. In early 2012, CONCACAF announced a new format for the 2012–2013 CONCACAF Champions' League. Under the new format, the preliminary round would be eliminated, and group play would consist of eight groups of three teams each, with each group winner advancing to the quarterfinals.

The title has been won by 27 different clubs, 11 of which have won the title more than once. The all-time record-holders are Cruz Azul and América, who have won the competition five times each. Mexico's Primera División is, by far, the most successful league, amassing 27 wins in the tournament. Until 2011, when Major League Soccer team Real Salt Lake reached the finals, each CONCACAF Champions League final had been an all-Mexican affair. The Mexican Primera División also holds the record for most appearances in the final of both the Champions Cup and Champions League as well as the highest number of winning clubs.

In the Champions' Cup era, the second most successful league has been Costa Rica's Primera División, while in the Champions League era, the second most successful league has been the United States and Canada's Major League Soccer.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Era Piala Champions (1962–2008)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Champions' Cup logo

The competition's former format, a knockout tournament called the Champions' Cup, was played under a variety of formats. The last format, used from 2004 to 2008, had eight teams competing – four from the North American zone (two from Mexico, two from the United States/Canada), three from the Central American zone, and one from the Caribbean zone. Since 2005, the champion of the competition also gained entry into the FIFA Club World Cup, giving clubs an added incentive for a strong participation and greater interest from fans. Also the Champions' Cup Runner-up would be one of the three CONCACAF invitees to the Copa Sudamericana.

Era Liga Champions (2008–sekarang)[sunting | sunting sumber]

The CONCACAF Executive Committee at their 2006 November meeting decided to "act upon" a proposal at their next meeting by the CONCACAF Secretariat to develop the CONCACAF Champions’ Cup into a larger "Champions League" style event. The CONCACAF Executive Committee reported on November 14, 2007 some of the details.[1] The previous Champions' Cup format was used as planned in the Spring of 2008. Then, a newly expanded Champions League tournament was conducted starting in August 2008 and concluding in May 2009. The setup involves 24 teams initially and features a Preliminary Round contested by some of the teams to reduce the field to 16 teams, which are separated into 4 groups of four teams.[1][2] After the Group Stage, the Championship Round are held from the Quarterfinal Round onward.

Qualifying[sunting | sunting sumber]

Format terbaru mengundang 24 tim untuk berpartisipasi.

Dari zona Amerika Utara:

4 klub dari Bendera Meksiko Meksiko
4 klub dari Bendera Amerika Serikat Amerika Serikat
1 klub dari Bendera Kanada Kanada

Dari zona Amerika Tengah:

2 klub dari Bendera Kosta Rika Kosta Rika
2 klub dari Bendera El Salvador El Salvador
2 klub dari Bendera Guatemala Guatemala
2 klub dari Bendera Honduras Honduras
2 klub dari Bendera Panama Panama
1 klub dari Bendera Nikaragua Nicaragua
1 klub dari Bendera Belize Belize

Dari zona Karibia:

3 klub, qualifying via the CFU Club Championship.[3]

The four teams qualifying from the United States are the two MLS Cup finalists, the winner of the MLS Supporters' Shield (awarded to the team with the best regular season record), and the winner of the Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup. Should the same team qualify multiple times and/or should a Canadian team occupy one or more of the MLS qualifying places, then the American MLS team(s) with the best regular season records not otherwise qualified will be entered.

The team qualifying from Canada is the winner of the Amway Canadian Championship.

Standar stadion[sunting | sunting sumber]

If a club fails to meet the standards for its home stadium, this club must find a suitable stadium in its own country. If said club fails to provide the adequate facilities, it will run the risk of being replaced.[4]

  • Central America: If one or more of the twelve Central American clubs is precluded, it will be supplanted by a club from the best Central American league, based on results from the current Champions League.
  • Caribbean: If any Caribbean club is precluded, it will be supplanted by the club who finished 4th in the CFU Club Championship.

Format[sunting | sunting sumber]

There will be a two-legged Preliminary Round for 16 clubs, with the eight winners advancing to the Group Stage. The other eight teams (two from the United States, two from Mexico, and one each from Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras) will be seeded directly into the Group Stage. The winners of the Preliminary Round and the seeded clubs will play in the Group Stage in four groups of four, with each team playing the others in its group twice, both home and away. The top two teams from each group will qualify for the Championship Round, which will consist of home-and-away elimination. The Final Round, in late April, will also be two-legged, home-and-away. In contrast to the Champions' Cup, the away goals rule will be used in the Champions League, but will not apply after a tie has gone into extra time.

Final[sunting | sunting sumber]

Musim Era Piala Champions CONCACAF
Pemenang Skor Juara Dua
1962
Rincian
Guadalajara Bendera Meksiko 1 – 0 / 5 – 0
Aggregate 6 – 0
Bendera Guatemala Comunicaciones
1963
Details
Haïtien Bendera Haiti (2) Bendera Meksiko Guadalajara
1967
Details
Alianza Bendera El Salvador 1 – 2 / 3 – 0
Aggregate 4 – 2
Bendera Antillen Belanda Jong Colombia
1968
Details
Deportivo Toluca Bendera Meksiko (2)
1969
Details
Cruz Azul Bendera Meksiko 0 – 0 / 1 – 0
Aggregate 1 – 0
Bendera Guatemala Comunicaciones
1970
Details
Cruz Azul Bendera Meksiko (2)
1971
Details
Cruz Azul Bendera Meksiko (1) Bendera Kosta Rika Alajuelense
1972
Details
Olimpia Bendera Honduras 0 – 0 / 2 – 0
Aggregate 2 – 0
Bendera Guyana Belanda Robinhood
1973
Details
Transvaal Bendera Guyana Belanda (2)
1974
Details
Municipal Bendera Guatemala 2 – 1 / 2 – 1
Aggregate 4 – 2
Bendera Guyana Belanda Transvaal
1975
Details
Atlético Español Bendera Meksiko 2 – 0 / 1 – 1
Aggregate 3 – 1
Bendera Suriname Transvaal
1976
Details
Águila Bendera El Salvador 6 – 1 / 2 – 1
Aggregate 8 – 2
Bendera Suriname Robinhood
1977
Details
América Bendera Meksiko 1 – 0 / 0 – 0
Aggregate 1 – 0
Bendera Suriname Robinhood
1978
Details
Universidad de Guadalajara Bendera Meksiko
Comunicaciones Bendera Guatemala
Defence Force Bendera Trinidad dan Tobago
(3)
1979
Details
FAS Bendera El Salvador 1 – 0 / 8 – 0
Aggregate 9 – 0
Bendera Antillen Belanda Jong Colombia
1980
Details
UNAM Bendera Meksiko (1) Bendera Honduras Universidad
1981
Details
Transvaal Bendera Suriname 1 – 0 / 1 – 1
Aggregate 2 – 1
Bendera El Salvador Atlético Marte
1982
Details
UNAM Bendera Meksiko 0 – 0 / 3 – 2
Aggregate 3 – 2
Bendera Suriname Robinhood
1983
Details
Atlante Bendera Meksiko 1 – 1 / 5 – 0
Aggregate 6 – 1
Bendera Suriname Robinhood
1984
Details
Violette Bendera Haiti (2)
1985
Details
Defence Force Bendera Trinidad dan Tobago 2 – 0 / 0 – 1
Aggregate 2 – 1
Bendera Honduras Olimpia
1986
Details
Alajuelense Bendera Kosta Rika 4 – 1 / 1 – 1
Aggregate 5 – 2
Bendera Suriname Transvaal
1987
Details
América Bendera Meksiko 1 – 1 / 2 – 0
Aggregate 3 – 1
Bendera Trinidad dan Tobago Defence Force
1988
Details
Olimpia Bendera Honduras 2 – 0 / 2 – 0
Aggregate 4 – 0
Bendera Trinidad dan Tobago Defence Force
1989
Details
UNAM Bendera Meksiko 1 – 1 / 3 – 1
Aggregate 4 – 2
Bendera Kuba FC Pinar del Río
1990
Details
América Bendera Meksiko 2 – 2 / 6 – 0
Aggregate 8 – 2
Bendera KubaFC Pinar del Río
1991
Details
Puebla Bendera Meksiko 3 – 1 / 1 – 1
Aggregate 4 – 2
Bendera Trinidad dan Tobago Police FC
1992
Details
América Bendera Meksiko 1 – 0 Bendera Kosta Rika Alajuelense
1993
Details
Saprissa Bendera Kosta Rika (1) Bendera Meksiko León
1994
Details
Cartaginés Bendera Kosta Rika 3 – 2 Bendera Meksiko Atlante
1995
Details
Saprissa Bendera Kosta Rika (1) Bendera Guatemala Municipal
1996
Details
Cruz Azul Bendera Meksiko (1) Bendera Meksiko Necaxa
1997
Details
Cruz Azul Bendera Meksiko 5 – 3 Bendera Amerika Serikat Los Angeles Galaxy
1998
Details
D.C. United Bendera Amerika Serikat 1 – 0 Bendera Meksiko Deportivo Toluca
1999
Details
Necaxa Bendera Meksiko 2 – 1 Bendera Kosta Rika Alajuelense
2000
Details
Los Angeles Galaxy Bendera Amerika Serikat 3 – 2 Bendera Honduras Olimpia
2002
Details
Pachuca Bendera Meksiko 1 – 0 Bendera Meksiko Monarcas Morelia
2003
Details
Deportivo Toluca Bendera Meksiko 3 – 3 / 2 – 1
Aggregate 5 – 4
Bendera Meksiko Monarcas Morelia
2004
Details
Alajuelense Bendera Kosta Rika 1 – 1 / 4 – 0
Aggregate 5 – 1
Bendera Kosta Rika Saprissa
2005
Details
Saprissa Bendera Kosta Rika 2 – 0 / 1 – 2
Aggregate 3 – 2
Bendera Meksiko UNAM
2006
Details
América Bendera Meksiko 0 – 0 / 2 – 1
Aggregate 2 – 1
Bendera Meksiko Deportivo Toluca
2007
Details
Pachuca Bendera Meksiko 2 – 2 / 0 – 0
Aggregate 2 – 2
7–6p
Bendera Meksiko Guadalajara
2008
Details
Pachuca Bendera Meksiko 1 – 1 / 2 – 1
Aggregate 3 – 2
Bendera Kosta Rika Saprissa
Year CONCACAF Champions League era
Winner Score Runner-up
2008–09
Details
Atlante Bendera Meksiko 2 – 0 / 0 – 0
Aggregate 2 – 0
Bendera Meksiko Cruz Azul
2009–10
Details
Pachuca Bendera Meksiko 1 – 2 / 1 – 0
Aggregate 2 – 2
Bendera Meksiko Cruz Azul
2010–11
Details
Monterrey Bendera Meksiko 2 – 2 / 1 – 0
Aggregate 3 – 2
Bendera Amerika Serikat Real Salt Lake
2011–12
Details
Monterrey Bendera Meksiko 2 – 0 / 1 – 2
Aggregate 3 – 2
Bendera Meksiko Santos Laguna
2012–13
Details
Qualification in progress

1 No final match was held; the championship was decided by a final round.

2 Championship won due to withdrawal and/or disqualification of all other teams.

3 Universidad de Guadalajara, Comunicaciones and Defence Force were all declared joint winners after the final tournament was cancelled due to administrative problems and disagreements on match dates.

Records and statistics[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sepuluh klub terbaik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rank Team Wins Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
1 Bendera Meksiko Cruz Azul 5 2 1969, 1970, 1971, 1996, 1997 2009, 2010
2 Bendera Meksiko América 5 0 1977, 1987, 1990, 1992, 2006
3 Bendera Meksiko Pachuca 4 0 2002, 2007, 2008, 2010
4 Bendera Kosta Rika Saprissa 3 2 1993, 1995, 2005 2004, 2008
5 Bendera Meksiko UNAM 3 1 1980, 1982, 1989 2005
6 Bendera Suriname Transvaal 2 3 1973, 1981 1974, 1975, 1986
Bendera Kosta Rika Alajuelense 2 3 1986, 2004 1971, 1992, 1999
8 Bendera Meksiko Toluca 2 2 1968, 2003 1998, 2006
Bendera Honduras Olimpia 2 2 1972, 1988 1985, 2000
Bendera Trinidad dan Tobago Defence Force 2 2 1978, 1985 1987, 1988
Bendera Meksiko Monterrey 2 0 2011, 2012

Sepuluh negara terbaik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rank Nation Winner Runner-up Winners Runners-up
1  Mexico 28 13 Cruz Azul (5), América (5), Pachuca (4), UNAM (3), Toluca (2), Atlante (2), Monterrey (2), Guadalajara (1), Necaxa (1), Puebla (1), Universidad de Guadalajara (1), Español (1) Guadalajara (2), Cruz Azul (2), Deportivo Toluca (2), Monarcas Morelia (2), UNAM (1), Necaxa (1), Atlante (1), León (1), Santos (1)
2  Costa Rica 6 5 Saprissa (3), Alajuelense (2), Cartaginés (1) Alajuelense (3), Saprissa (2)
3  El Salvador 3 1 Alianza (1), Águila (1), FAS (1) Atlético Marte (1)
4  Suriname 2 8 Transvaal (2) Robinhood (5), Transvaal (3)
5  Guatemala 2 3 Municipal (1), Comunicaciones (1) Comunicaciones (2), Municipal (1)
 Honduras 2 3 Olimpia (2) Olimpia (2), Universidad (1)
 Trinidad and Tobago 2 3 Defence Force (2) Defence Force (2), Police FC (1)
8  United States 2 2 D.C. United (1), Los Angeles Galaxy (1) Los Angeles Galaxy (1), Real Salt Lake (1)
9  Haiti 2 0 Haïtien (1), Violette (1)
10  Cuba 0 2 Pinar del Río (2)
 Curaçao 0 2 Jong Colombia (2)

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b [1]
  2. ^ "We Are the Champions (League)". The Washington Post. 
  3. ^ "Qualifying Format Unveiled for 2008–09 CONCACAF Champions League". CONCACAF Official site. 2008-05-14. Diakses 2008-07-02. 
  4. ^ "CONCACAF Executive Committee tightens stadium standards for next year's Champions League". CONCACAF Official site. 2008-11-07. Diakses 2008-11-12. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Musim Liga Champions CONCACAF Templat:North American club football competitions

Templat:FIFA Club World Cup