Kontrol Stabilitas Elektronik

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Kontrol Stabilitas Elektronik (Inggris:Electronic stability control atau disebut ESP) adalah sebuah teknologi terkomputerisasi [1][2] yang bertujuan untuk meningkatkan keamanan dari sisi pengendalian mobil dengan cara mendeteksi dan meminimalisir slip. Ketika kontrol ini mendeteksi adanya kehilangan kontrol pengendalian, maka dengan otomatis sistem ini akan membantu rem untuk mengendalikan mobil. Sistem pengereman langsung berjalan ke masing-masing roda, rem roda depan akan mencegah oversteer dan rem roda belakang mencegah understeer. Kadang, sistem ini juga mengurangi tenaga mesin sampai mobilnya terkontrol kembali. Menurut IIHS dan NHTSA (badan regulasi keselamatan otomotif AS), sepertiga dari total kecelakaan fatal dapat dicegah oleh teknologi ini.[3][4]

Nama Produk[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kontrol stabilitas elektronik adalah nama umum yang dikenali oleh Asosiasi Produsen Mobil Eropa (ACEA), Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) (Amerika Utara), Asosiasi Produsen Mobil Jepang, dan lembaga dunia lainnya. Meskipun begitu, setiap pabrikan otomotif memiliki nama masing-masing untuk kontrol stabilitas ini:

  • Acura: Vehicle Stability Assist (VSA)
  • Alfa Romeo: Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC)
  • Audi: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Bentley: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • BMW: Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) (termasuk Dynamic Traction Control)
  • Bugatti: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Buick: StabiliTrak
  • Cadillac: StabiliTrak & Active Front Steering (AFS)
  • Chery: Electronic Stability Program
  • Chevrolet: StabiliTrak; Active Handling (hanya Corvette)
  • Chrysler: Electronic Stability Program(ESP)
  • Citroën: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Dodge: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Daimler: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Fiat: Electronic Stability Program (ESP) dan Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC)
  • Ferrari: Controllo Stabilità (CST)
  • Ford: AdvanceTrac with Roll Stability Control (RSC) dan Interactive Vehicle Dynamics (IVD) dan Electronic Stability Program (ESP); Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) (Australia)
  • General Motors: StabiliTrak
  • Honda: Vehicle Stability Assist (VSA)
  • Holden: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Hyundai: Electronic Stability Program (ESP), Electronic Stability Control (ESC), dan Vehicle Stability Assist (VSA)
  • Infiniti: Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC)
  • Jaguar: Dynamic Stability Control (DSC)
  • Jeep: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Kia: Electronic Stability Control (ESC)' dan 'Electronic Stability Program (ESP)'
  • Lamborghini: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Land Rover: Dynamic Stability Control (DSC)
  • Lexus: Vehicle Dynamics Integrated Management (VDIM) dengan Vehicle Stability Control (VSC)
  • Lincoln: AdvanceTrac
  • Maserati: Maserati Stability Program (MSP)
  • Mazda: Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) (termasuk Dynamic Traction Control)
  • Mercedes-Benz (co-inventor): Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Mercury: AdvanceTrac
  • MINI: Dynamic Stability Control
  • Mitsubishi: Active Skid and Traction Control MULTIMODE dan Active Stability Control (ASC)
  • Nissan: Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC)
  • Oldsmobile: Precision Control System (PCS)
  • Opel: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Peugeot: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Pontiac: StabiliTrak
  • Porsche: Porsche Stability Management (PSM)
  • Proton: Electronic Stability Program
  • Renault: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Rover Group: Dynamic Stability Control (DSC)
  • Saab: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Saturn: StabiliTrak
  • Scania: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)[5]
  • SEAT: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Škoda: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Smart: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Subaru: Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC)
  • Suzuki: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Toyota: Either Vehicle Stability Control (VSC) -atau- Vehicle Dynamics Integrated Management (VDIM)
  • Vauxhall: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Volvo: Dynamic Stability and Traction Control (DSTC)
  • Volkswagen: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ [A. T. van Zanten, "Bosch ESP Systems: 5 years of Experience", SAE 2000-01-1633]
  2. ^ [E. K. Liebemann, K. Meder, J. Schuh and G. Nenninger, "Safety and Performance Enhancement: the Bosch Electronic Stability Control (ESP)." SAE 2004-21-0060.]
  3. ^ "Electronic stability control could prevent nearly one-third of all fatal crashes and reduce rollover risk by as much as 80%; effect is found on single- and multiple-vehicle crashes," IIHS News release, 2006
  4. ^ Jennifer N. Dang, "PRELIMINARY RESULTS ANALYZING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ELECTRONIC STABILITY CONTROL(ESC) SYSTEMS," DOT HS 809 790, 2004
  5. ^ "SCANIA - Electronic Stability Program (ESP)". Scania (Great Britain) Limited. Scania.co.uk. Diakses 5 October 2009. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ [A. T. van Zanten, "Bosch ESP Systems: 5 years of Experience", SAE 2000-01-1633]
  2. ^ [E. K. Liebemann, K. Meder, J. Schuh and G. Nenninger, "Safety and Performance Enhancement: the Bosch Electronic Stability Control (ESP)." SAE 2004-21-0060.]
  3. ^ "Electronic stability control could prevent nearly one-third of all fatal crashes and reduce rollover risk by as much as 80%; effect is found on single- and multiple-vehicle crashes," IIHS News release, 2006
  4. ^ Jennifer N. Dang, "PRELIMINARY RESULTS ANALYZING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ELECTRONIC STABILITY CONTROL(ESC) SYSTEMS," DOT HS 809 790, 2004
  5. ^ "SCANIA - Electronic Stability Program (ESP)". Scania (Great Britain) Limited. Scania.co.uk. Diakses 5 October 2009.