Kongregasi Pasionis

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Langsung ke: navigasi, cari
Jesu XPI Passio

Passionists (Latin: Congregatio Passionis Iesu Christi[1]) adalah sebuah tarekat religius Katolik Roma yang didirikan oleh Santo Paulus dari Salib dengan kharisma khusus Sengsara Yesus Kristus. Mereka yang tergabung dalam tarekat ini memiliki inisial C.P. di akhir nama mereka. Lambang kongregasi ini berbentuk seperti Hati Kudus Yesus, yang biasanya dibordir pada jubah mereka. Sekarang simbol ini lebih banyak digunakan dalam bentuk bros.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

St. Paulus dari Salib menulis regula kongregasi pada bulan Desember 1720; dan pada tahun 1725, Paus Benediktus XIV mengizinkan pendirian tarekat ini. Paulus dan saudaranya, Yohanes Baptista, ditahbiskan oleh Paus pada saat yang sama. Nama kanonik kongregasi ini adalah Kongregasi Para Biarawan Tak Bersepatu dari Salib dan Sengsara Tersuci Tuhan Kita Yesus Kristus.

Tahun 1769, Paus Klemens XIV memberikan hak penuh kepada para Pasionis sebagaimana yang diterima oleh tarekat religius lainnya, bukan dalam bentuk Ordo tetapi sebagai sebuah kongregasi. Kongregasi ini didirikan dengan dua tujuan khusus: karya misi dan hidup kontemplatif, dengan usaha menyatukannya dalam hidup keseharian. Pendirinya memadukan dua aspek hidup religius, yaitu aspek kontemplatif seperti para biarawan Trapis, dan aspek aktif seperti para Yesuit.

Ada 2,179 orang Pasionis di 59 negara di lima benua, dipimpin oleh Superior Jenderal yang dipilih setiap empat tahun sekali dalam Kapitel Jenderal. Superior Jenderal didampingi oleh para Konsultor Jenderal dalam pelaksanaan tugasnya. Superior Jenderal saat ini adalah Pastor Joachim Rego, CP. Kongregasi ini terbagi dalam beberapa provinsi, vice provinsi dan vikariat. Kongregasi juga dibagi dalam beberapa Konferensi.

Monastery of the Presentation in Monte Argentario, Tuscany.


Ada enam konferensi di seluruh dunia:

  • CIPI - Konferensi Inter-Provinsial Pasionis Italia;
  • CII - Konferensi Kepulauan Semenanjung Iberia (Spanyol);
  • NECP - Konferensi Pasionis Eropa Utara;
  • PASPAC - Konferensi Pasionis Asia Pasifik;
  • CPA - Konferensi Pasionis Afrika;
  • FORPAL - Konferensi Pasionis Amerika Latin; dan

Pertemuan Para Provinsial Amerika Utara.

Nama resminya adalah "Kongregasi Sengsara Yesus Kristus." Superior Jenderal bertempat tinggal di Roma (Piazza Ss. Giovanni e Paolo, 13 - 00184 Roma - tel. 06 772711). Rumah studi internasional berada di biara tempat Sang Pendiri dimakamkan.

Kekhasan Kongregasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Painting of Bl. Bernard Silvestrelli, 1911

The members of the congregation are not allowed to possess land, and the congregation collectively can only own the community house and a bit of land attached to it. They rely completely on their own labor and on contributions from the faithful in order to maintain themselves financially. The habit worn by members is a rough wool tunic bearing the words "Jesu XPI Passio", meaning "Passion of Jesus Christ" and the congregation is discalced, wearing sandals rather than shoes.

Canonised and beatified members[sunting | sunting sumber]

Canonised Members of the Congregation

Beatified Members of the Congregation

In additon, the causes for the canonisation of Father Carl Schmitz, Father Ignatius Spencer, Father Theodore Foley and Elizabeth Prout have been opened.

Social work[sunting | sunting sumber]

The RC Church of St. Mungo, Townhead, Glasgow is run by the Passionists

Unlike the La Sallians or the Gabrielites, Passionists do not usually open schools and universities, except seminaries for their own students wishing to become brothers and priests. There are some schools sponsored and run by the Passionists, like the St. Gemma Galgani School, (which includes primary, junior high and high school-level education) in Santiago (Chile), but these are more the exception than the rule.

Traditionally, their main apostolate has been preaching missions and retreats. According to Saint Paul of the Cross, they were founded in order to "teach people how to pray", which they do through activities such as retreats and missions, spiritual direction, and prayer groups. Today they often also assist local priests in pastoral works, including saying masses, hearing confessions, and visiting the sick. Due to the continuing lack of priests in the United States, the Passionists today are sometimes designated as pastors and assistant pastors of various parishes.

Though Passionists are not required to work in non-Christian areas as missionaries, their Rule allows its members to be posted to missionary work, such as mainland China (before the Communists took over in 1949), India, and Japan, as dictated by the pope.

Passionist Sisters[sunting | sunting sumber]

House of the Passionist Sisters in Colombo (Greater Curitiba), Paraná, Southern Brazil.

The Passionist Sisters (the Sisters of the Cross and Passion) is an institute founded in 1850 by Father Gaudentius Rossi, an early Passionist priest, as a convent for factory girls. In its infancy, it was called "Sisters of the Holy Family", and was later included under the Passionist family. Its first Mother Superior was Mother Mary Joseph Prout.

Due to their separate raisings guided by members of the congregation, Saints Maria Goretti and Gemma Galgani are traditionally counted in the ranks of the Passionists Sisters, even though they died before they could formally enter the institute (Maria was murdered, Gemma died of tuberculosis).

See also[sunting | sunting sumber]

References[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Passionists". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. 

External links[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Catholic religious orders