Kidal (Mali)

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Kidal
ⴾⴸⵍ
Commune and town
Jalan masuk ke kota Kidal
Jalan masuk ke kota Kidal
Kidal is located in Mali
Kidal
Location in Mali
Koordinat: 18°26′20″LU 1°24′30″BT / 18,43889°LU 1,40833°BT / 18.43889; 1.40833Koordinat: 18°26′20″LU 1°24′30″BT / 18,43889°LU 1,40833°BT / 18.43889; 1.40833
Country  Mali
Region Kidal Region
Cercle (district): Kidal Cercle
Area
 • Total 9.913 km2 (3,827 mil²)
Populasi (2009)[1]
 • Total 25.617
 • Kepadatan Bad rounding here2.6/km2 (Bad rounding here6.7/sq mi)

Kidal (bahasa Tifinagh: ⴾⴸⵍ) adalah kota kecil sekaligus commune di daerah gurun pasir Mali Utara. Kota ini terletak 285 km (177 mil) di sebelah timur laut kota Gao dan merupakan ibukota Region Kidal. Luas region ini 9.910 km2 (3,830 mil²) dan mencakup kota Kidal dan 31 penghunian lain[2]

Tanggal 30 Marchet 2012, Kidal dan pangkalan militernya diraih National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad as part of the Tuareg rebellion for the independence of Azawad. A spokesman for the Malian military junta said "To preserve the life of the people of Kidal, the military command decided not to prolong the battle".[3] Gao and Timbuktu were captured within the next 48 hours, and on 6 April, the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad declared the independence of Azawad from Mali.[4][5] In the course of the conflict the MNLA lost their control to Islamist militias.[6] On 30th January 2013 French and Malian forces moved into the town to bring it back under government control.[7]

Data iklim Kidal
Bulan Jan Feb Mar Apr Mei Jun Jul Agt Sep Okt Nov Des Tahun
Rata-rata tertinggi °C (°F) 28.0 31.1 34.8 38.8 41.5 41.9 39.9 38.4 39.1 38.0 33.4 28.9
Rata-rata terendah °C (°F) 12.5 14.8 18.7 23.0 27.0 28.6 27.2 26.2 26.0 23.2 18.0 13.7
Presipitasi mm (inci) 0.6 0.1 0.2 1.0 5.3 11.6 36.8 45.9 23.1 3.0 0.2 0.2
Sumber: World Weather Information Service[8]

Templat:Contains Tifinagh text

Notes[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Resultats Provisoires RGPH 2009 (Région de Kidal), République de Mali: Institut National de la Statistique 
  2. ^ Communes de la Région de Kidal (dalam bahasa French), Ministère de l’administration territoriale et des collectivités locales, République du Mali .
  3. ^ Mali coup: Rebels seize desert capital Kidal, BBC News, 30 March 2012, diakses 30 March 2012 .
  4. ^ Tuareg rebels declare the independence of Azawad, north of Mali, Al Arabiya, 6 April 2012, diakses 6 April 2012 .
  5. ^ Déclaration D’Indépendance De L'Azawad (dalam bahasa French), Mnlamov.net, 6 April 2012, diakses 28 January 2013 .
  6. ^ Morgan, Andy (23 October 2012), "Mali: no rhythm or reason as militants declare war on music", The Guardian, diakses 30 January 2013 .
  7. ^ Mali conflict: French 'enter last rebel town of Kidal', BBC, 30 January 2013, diakses 30 January 2013 .
  8. ^ Weather Information for Kidal, World Weather Information Service, Monthly averages over the 51 year period 1950-2000, diakses 2 July 2012 

External links[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Communes of the Kidal Region