Joseph Schumpeter

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Joseph Schumpeter
Sejarah Sekolah
Lahir 8 Februari 1883
Triesch, Moravia, Austria–Hungary (sekarang Třešť, Czech Republic)
Meninggal 08 Januari 1950 (umur 66)
Taconic, Connecticut, U.S.
Institusi Harvard University 1932–50
University of Bonn 1925–32
Biedermann Bank 1921–24
University of Graz 1912–14
University of Czernowitz 1909-11
Bidang Ekonomi
Alma mater University of Vienna
Menentang Marx, Keynes
Mempengaruhi Tocqueville, Marx, Spencer, Menger, Böhm-Bawerk, Wieser, Schmoller, Weber, Sombart, Durkheim, Walras, Pareto, Juglar, Kondratiev, Wicksell, Wicksteed
Dipengaruhi C. Freeman, Dahl, Kirzner, Hicks, Friedman, Samuelson, Tobin, Williams, Bergson, Georgescu-Roegen, Heilbroner, Huntington, Wallerstein, Perez, H. G. Johnson, Downs, Sowell, Reinert, Drucker
Kontribusi Siklus bisnis
Perkembangan ekonomi
Kewirausahaan
Ekonomi evolusioner

Joseph Alois Schumpeter (8 Februari 1883 - 8 Januari 1950)[1] adalah seorang ekonom Amerika-Austria dan ilmuwan politik. Dia sempat menjabat sebagai Menteri Keuangan Austria pada tahun 1919. Salah satu ekonom paling berpengaruh dari abad ke-20, Schumpeter mempopulerkan istilah "destruksi kreatif" dalam ekonomi.[2]


Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Liberty Fund, Inc. (2007-10-08). "Joseph Alois Schumpeter: Biography". Econlib.org. Diakses 2010-09-21. 
  2. ^ Stone, Brad; Vance, Ashlee (January 25, 2009). "$200 Laptops Break a Business Model". New York Times. Diakses 2010-09-21. "Indeed, Silicon Valley may be one of the few places where businesses are still aware of the ideas of Joseph Schumpeter, an economist from Austria who wrote about business cycles during the first half of the last century. He said the lifeblood of capitalism was 'creative destruction.' Companies rising and falling would unleash innovation and in the end make the economy stronger."