Indeks Kebebasan Pers

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Indeks Kebebasan Pers 2013[1]
  Situasi amat serius
  Situasi sulit
  Situasi dibawah pantauan
  Situasi memuaskan
  Situasi baik
  Tidak diklasifikasikan/tidak ada data

Reporters Without Borders mengumpulkan dan menerbitkan peringkat tahunan negara-negara berdasarkan kajian mereka tentang catatan kebebasan pers. Negara-negara kecil, seperti Malta dan Andorra tidak dimasukkan ke dalam laporan ini.

Laporan ini didasarkan atas jajak pendapat[2] yang dikirim ke organisasi-organisasi partner dari RWB (14 kelompok kebebasan berpendapat di 5 benua) dan 150 koresponden di seluruh dunia, dan juga dari jurnalis, peneliti, juri dan aktivis hak asasi manusia.

Survei ini menanyakan pertanyaan-pertanyaan tentang serangan langsung terhadap jurnalis dan media dan juga sumber-sumber tekanan tidak langsung akan pers bebas. RWB hanya memberi peringkat untuk kebebasan pers dan bukan kualitas jurnalisme. Karena metodologi survei ini didasarkan oleh pendapat pribadi, sering ada kontradiksi dalam peringkat suatu negara dari satu tahun ke tahun berikutnya. Peringkat ini juga menyertakan tekanan dari kelompok-kelompok nonpemerintah, misalnya kelompok militan Basque ETA di Spanyol atau mafia di Rusia, atau tekanan-tekanan lain yang membahayakan kebebasan pers.

Peringkat dan skor per negara[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kunci warna:

Paling bebas →                 → Paling tidak bebas
Negara 2013[1] 2012[a][3] 2010[4] 2009[5] 2008[6] 2007[7] 2006[8] 2005[9] 2004[10] 2003[11] 2002[12]
 Finlandia (001) 6.38 (001) -10.00 (001) 0.00 (001) 0.00 (004) 2.00 (005) 1.50 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50
 Belanda (002) 6.48 (003) -9.00 (001) 0.00 (007) 1.00 (016) 4.00 (012) 3.50 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50
 Norwegia (003) 6.52 (001) -10.00 (001) 0.00 (001) 0.00 (001) 1.50 (001) 0.75 (006) 2.00 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50
 Luksemburg (004) 6.68 (006) -7.00 (014) 4.00 (020) 4.00 (001) 1.50            
 Andorra (005) 6.82                    
 Denmark (006) 7.08 (010) -5.67 (011) 2.50 (001) 0.00 (014) 3.50 (008) 2.00 (019) 5.00 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50 (005) 1.00 (010) 3.00
 Liechtenstein (007) 7.35                    
 Selandia Baru (008) 8.38 (013) -5.33 (008) 1.50 (013) 3.00 (007) 3.00 (015) 4.17 (019) 5.00 (012) 2.00 (009) 0.67 (017) 2.83  
 Islandia (009) 8.49 (006) -7.00 (001) 0.00 (009) 2.00 (001) 1.50 (001) 0.75 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50
 Swedia (010) 9.23 (012) -5.50 (001) 0.00 (001) 0.00 (007) 3.00 (005) 1.50 (014) 4.00 (012) 2.00 (011) 2.00 (009) 1.50 (007) 1.50
 Estonia (011) 9.26 (003) -9.00 (009) 2.00 (006) 0.50 (004) 2.00 (003) 1.00 (006) 2.00 (011) 1.50 (011) 2.00 (012) 2.50  
 Austria (012) 9.40 (005) -8.00 (007) 0.50 (013) 3.00 (014) 3.50 (016) 4.25 (016) 4.50 (016) 2.50 (017) 3.25 (016) 2.75 (026) 7.50
 Jamaika (013) 9.88 (016) -3.00 (025) 7.67 (023) 4.75 (021) 4.88 (027) 8.63 (023) 5.50 (034) 7.50 (024) 4.17 (021) 3.33  
 Swiss (014) 9.94 (008) -6.20 (001) 0.00 (007) 1.00 (007) 3.00 (011) 3.00 (008) 2.50 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50 (012) 2.50 (015) 4.25
 Republik Irlandia (015) 10.06 (015) -4.00 (009) 2.00 (001) 0.00 (004) 2.00 (008) 2.00 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50 (001) 0.50 (017) 2.83 (006) 1.00
 Republik Ceko (016) 10.17 (014) -5.00 (023) 7.50 (024) 5.00 (016) 4.00 (014) 4.00 (005) 0.75 (009) 1.00 (019) 3.50 (012) 2.50 (041) 11.25
 Jerman (017) 10.24 (016) -3.00 (017) 4.25 (018) 3.50 (020) 4.50 (020) 5.75 (023) 5.50 (018) 4.00 (011) 2.00 (008) 1.33 (007) 1.50
 Kosta Rika (018) 12.08 (019) -2.25 (029) 8.08 (030) 8.00 (022) 5.10 (021) 6.50 (029) 6.67 (041) 8.50 (035) 7.63 (024) 3.83 (015) 4.25
 Namibia (019) 12.50 (020) -2.00 (021) 7.00 (035) 9.00 (023) 5.50 (025) 8.50 (026) 6.00 (025) 5.50 (042) 10.00 (056) 11.00 (031) 8.00
 Kanada (020) 12.69 (010) -5.67 (021) 7.00 (019) 3.70 (013) 3.33 (018) 4.88 (016) 4.50 (021) 4.50 (018) 3.33 (010) 1.83 (005) 0.75
 Belgia (021) 12.94 (020) -2.00 (014) 4.00 (011) 2.50 (007) 3.00 (005) 1.50 (014) 4.00 (018) 4.00 (022) 4.00 (007) 1.17 (012) 3.50
 Polandia (022) 13.11 (024) -0.67 (032) 8.88 (037) 9.50 (047) 9.00 (056) 18.50 (058) 14.00 (053) 12.50 (032) 6.83 (033) 6.17 (029) 7.75
 Slowakia (023) 13.25 (025) 0.00 (035) 11.50 (044) 11.00 (007) 3.00 (003) 1.00 (008) 2.50 (008) 0.75 (001) 0.50 (012) 2.50  
 Siprus[b] (024) 13.83 (016) -3.00 (045) 13.40 (025) 5.50 (031) 7.50 (045) 14.00 (030) 7.50 (025) 5.50 (081) 22.00 (083) 20.83  
 Tanjung Verde (025) 14.33 (009) -6.00 (026) 8.00 (044) 11.00 (036) 8.00 (045) 14.00 (045) 11.50 (029) 6.00 (038) 8.75 (047) 8.25 (046) 13.75
 Australia (026) 15.24 (030) 4.00 (018) 5.38 (016) 3.13 (028) 6.25 (028) 8.79 (035) 9.00 (031) 6.50 (041) 9.50 (050) 9.25 (012) 3.50
 Uruguay (027) 15.92 (032) 4.25 (037) 11.75 (029) 7.63 (043) 8.33 (037) 11.75 (057) 13.75 (046) 9.75 (042) 10.00 (025) 4.00 (021) 6.00
 Portugal (028) 16.75 (033) 5.33 (040) 12.36 (030) 8.00 (016) 4.00 (008) 2.00 (010) 3.00 (023) 4.83 (025) 4.50 (028) 5.17 (007) 1.50
 Britania Raya (029) 16.89 (028) 2.00 (019) 6.00 (020) 4.00 (023) 5.50 (024) 8.25 (027) 6.50 (024) 5.17 (028) 6.00 (027) 4.25 (021) 6.00
 Ghana (030) 17.27 (041) 11.00 (026) 8.00 (027) 6.00 (031) 7.50 (029) 9.00 (034) 8.50 (066) 15.00 (057) 13.50 (048) 8.75 (067) 23.00
 Suriname (031) 18.19 (022) -1.00 (035) 11.50 (042) 10.60 (026) 6.00            
 Amerika Serikat[c] (032) 18.22 (047) 14.00 (020) 6.75 (020) 4.00 (036) 8.00 (048) 14.50 (053) 13.00 (044) 9.50 (022) 4.00 (031) 6.00 (017) 4.75
 Amerika Serikat (extraterritorial)[d] (032) 18.22 (057) 19.00 (099) 27.00 (108) 30.00 (119) 31.00 (111) 36.00 (119) 31.50 (137) 48.50 (108) 36.00 (135) 41.00  
 Lituania (033) 18.24 (030) 4.00 (011) 2.50 (010) 2.25 (016) 4.00 (023) 7.00 (027) 6.50 (021) 4.50 (016) 3.00 (017) 2.83  
Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (034) 19.72 (025) 0.00 (057) 16.50                
 Slovenia (035) 20.49 (036) 9.14 (046) 13.44 (037) 9.50 (030) 7.33 (021) 6.50 (010) 3.00 (009) 1.00 (015) 2.25 (020) 3.00 (014) 4.00
 Spanyol (036) 20.50 (039) 9.75 (039) 12.25 (044) 11.00 (036) 8.00 (033) 10.25 (041) 10.00 (040) 8.33 (039) 9.00 (042) 7.67 (029) 7.75
 Perancis (037) 21.60 (038) 9.50 (044) 13.38 (043) 10.67 (035) 7.67 (031) 9.75 (035) 9.00 (030) 6.25 (019) 3.50 (026) 4.17 (011) 3.25
 El Salvador (038) 22.86 (037) 9.30 (051) 15.83 (079) 17.25 (062) 12.80 (064) 20.20 (041) 10.00 (028) 5.75 (028) 6.00 (037) 6.83 (033) 8.75
 Latvia (039) 22.89 (050) 15.00 (030) 8.50 (013) 3.00 (007) 3.00 (012) 3.50 (010) 3.00 (016) 2.50 (010) 1.00 (011) 2.25  
 Botswana (040) 22.91 (042) 12.00 (062) 17.50 (062) 15.50 (066) 14.00 (075) 23.50 (053) 13.00 (060) 14.00 (050) 11.50 (062) 13.00  
 Papua Nugini (041) 22.97 (035) 9.00 (042) 13.33 (056) 14.70              
 Rumania (042) 23.05 (047) 14.00 (052) 16.00 (050) 12.50 (047) 9.00 (042) 12.75 (058) 14.00 (070) 16.17 (070) 17.83 (059) 11.50 (045) 13.25
 Niger (043) 23.08 (029) 2.50 (104) 28.50 (139) 48.50 (130) 37.00 (087) 25.50 (095) 24.50 (057) 13.00 (071) 18.33 (068) 15.75 (053) 18.50
 Trinidad dan Tobago (044) 23.12 (050) 15.00 (030) 8.50 (028) 7.00 (027) 6.13 (019) 5.00 (019) 5.00 (012) 2.00 (011) 2.00 (005) 1.00  
 Malta (045) 23.30 (058) 19.50 (014) 4.00 (011) 2.50              
 Burkina Faso (046) 23.70 (068) 23.33 (049) 15.00 (057) 15.00 (063) 13.00 (068) 21.50 (070) 16.00 (078) 19.00 (064) 16.25 (076) 18.00 (085) 27.75
 Republik Tiongkok (Taiwan) (047) 23.82 (045) 13.00 (048) 14.50 (059) 15.08 (036) 8.00 (032) 10.00 (043) 10.50 (051) 12.25 (060) 14.25 (061) 12.00 (035) 9.00
 Samoa (048) 23.84 (054) 17.00 (111) 33.00                
 Haiti (049) 24.09 (052) 15.67 (056) 16.38 (057) 15.00 (073) 15.13 (075) 23.50 (087) 19.50 (117) 33.50 (125) 42.13 (100) 31.00 (106) 36.50
 Korea Selatan (050) 24.48 (044) 12.67 (042) 13.33 (069) 15.67 (047) 9.00 (039) 12.13 (031) 7.75 (034) 7.50 (048) 11.13 (049) 9.17 (039) 10.50
 Komoro (051) 24.52 (045) 13.00 (070) 19.00 (082) 19.00 (089) 20.00 (096) 28.00 (093) 22.50 (088) 22.00 (091) 26.50 (079) 18.50 (058) 20.50
 Afrika Selatan (052) 24.56 (042) 12.00 (038) 12.00 (033) 8.50 (036) 8.00 (043) 13.00 (044) 11.25 (031) 6.50 (026) 5.00 (021) 3.33 (026) 7.50
 Jepang (053) 25.17 (022) -1.00 (011) 2.50 (017) 3.25 (029) 6.50 (037) 11.75 (051) 12.50 (037) 8.00 (042) 10.00 (044) 8.00 (026) 7.50
 Grenada                 (055) 12.00    
 Argentina (054) 25.67 (047) 14.00 (055) 16.35 (047) 11.33 (068) 14.08 (082) 24.83 (076) 17.30 (059) 13.67 (079) 21.33 (067) 15.17 (042) 12.00
 Moldova (055) 26.01 (053) 16.00 (075) 19.13 (114) 33.75 (098) 21.38 (081) 24.75 (085) 19.17 (074) 17.50 (078) 20.50 (094) 27.00  
 Hongaria (056) 26.09 (040) 10.00 (023) 7.50 (025) 5.50 (023) 5.50 (017) 4.50 (010) 3.00 (012) 2.00 (028) 6.00 (021) 3.33 (024) 6.50
 Italia (057) 26.11 (061) 19.67 (049) 15.00 (049) 12.14 (044) 8.42 (035) 11.25 (040) 9.90 (042) 8.67 (039) 9.00 (053) 9.75 (040) 11.00
 Hong Kong (058) 26.16 (054) 17.00 (034) 10.75 (048) 11.75 (051) 9.75 (061) 20.00 (058) 14.00 (039) 8.25 (034) 7.50 (056) 11.00 (018) 4.83
 Senegal (059) 26.19 (075) 26.00 (093) 25.00 (089) 22.00 (086) 19.00 (083) 25.00 (077) 17.50 (078) 19.00 (080) 21.50 (066) 14.50 (047) 14.00
 Chili (060) 26.24 (080) 29.00 (033) 10.50 (039) 10.50 (056) 11.50 (039) 12.13 (049) 11.63 (050) 11.75 (042) 10.00 (037) 6.83 (024) 6.50
 Sierra Leone (061) 26.35 (063) 21.00 (091) 24.25 (115) 34.00 (114) 27.75 (121) 39.50 (103) 26.00 (126) 39.50 (088) 24.50 (087) 23.50 (072) 24.50
 Mauritius (062) 26.47 (054) 17.00 (065) 18.00 (051) 14.00 (047) 9.00 (025) 8.50 (032) 8.00 (034) 7.50 (046) 10.50 (041) 7.25 (036) 9.50
 Serbia[e] (063) 26.59 (080) 29.00 (085) 23.00 (062) 15.50 (064) 13.50 (067) 21.00 (045) 11.50 (065) 14.83 (077) 20.13 (085) 21.33 (060) 20.75
 Kroasia (064) 26.61 (068) 23.33 (062) 17.50 (078) 17.17 (045) 8.50 (041) 12.50 (053) 13.00 (056) 12.83 (054) 11.83 (069) 16.50 (033) 8.75
 Republik Afrika Tengah (065) 26.61 (062) 20.00 (069) 18.50 (080) 17.75 (085) 18.50 (071) 22.50 (062) 14.50 (082) 19.75 (104) 32.50 (107) 32.75 (063) 21.50
 Tonga (066) 26.70 (063) 21.00 (087) 23.75   (082) 18.00 (119) 38.25 (053) 13.00 (063) 14.50 (119) 38.17    
 Mauritania (067) 26.76 (067) 22.20 (095) 25.38 (100) 28.50 (105) 23.88 (050) 15.50 (077) 17.50 (127) 40.00 (138) 51.00 (121) 36.67 (115) 41.33
 Bosnia dan Herzegovina (068) 26.86 (058) 19.50 (047) 13.50 (039) 10.50 (036) 8.00 (034) 11.17 (019) 5.00 (033) 7.00 (021) 3.67 (037) 6.83 (043) 12.50
 Guyana (069) 27.08 (058) 19.50 (059) 16.63 (039) 10.50 (088) 19.75            
 Tanzania (070) 27.34 (034) 6.00 (041) 13.00 (062) 15.50 (070) 15.00 (055) 18.00 (088) 19.82 (074) 17.50 (061) 14.50 (069) 16.50 (062) 21.25
 Kenya (071) 27.80 (084) 29.50 (070) 19.00 (096) 25.00 (097) 21.25 (078) 23.75 (118) 30.25 (109) 30.00 (082) 22.25 (079) 18.50 (075) 24.75
 Zambia (072) 27.93 (086) 30.00 (082) 22.00 (097) 26.75 (074) 15.50 (068) 21.50 (093) 22.50 (090) 23.00 (100) 29.75 (086) 23.25 (081) 26.75
 Mozambik (073) 28.01 (066) 21.50 (098) 26.50 (082) 19.00 (090) 20.50 (073) 23.00 (045) 11.50 (049) 10.50 (064) 16.25 (063) 14.00 (070) 23.50
 Armenia (074) 28.04 (077) 27.00 (101) 27.50 (111) 31.13 (102) 22.75 (077) 23.63 (101) 25.50 (102) 26.00 (083) 23.50 (090) 25.17  
 Malawi (075) 28.18 (146) 68.00 (079) 21.00 (062) 15.50 (070) 15.00 (092) 26.75 (101) 25.50 (089) 22.75 (101) 31.00 (084) 21.00 (084) 27.67
 Republik Kongo (076) 28.20 (090) 30.38 (114) 33.60 (116) 34.75 (092) 20.75 (080) 24.50 (073) 17.00 (071) 17.00 (069) 17.50 (063) 14.00 (069) 23.17
 Kuwait (077) 28.28 (078) 28.00 (087) 23.75 (060) 15.25 (061) 12.63 (063) 20.17 (073) 17.00 (085) 21.25 (103) 31.67 (102) 31.33 (078) 25.50
 Nikaragua (078) 28.31 (072) 24.33 (083) 22.33 (076) 16.75 (059) 12.50 (047) 14.25 (069) 15.50 (068) 15.25 (052) 11.67 (034) 6.50  
 Benin (079) 28.33 (091) 31.00 (070) 19.00 (072) 16.00 (070) 15.00 (053) 17.00 (023) 5.50 (025) 5.50 (027) 5.50 (029) 5.25 (021) 6.00
 Republik Dominika (080) 28.34 (095) 33.25 (097) 26.13 (098) 26.83 (082) 18.00 (072) 22.75 (052) 12.75 (051) 12.25 (031) 6.75 (072) 17.00  
 Lesotho (081) 28.36 (063) 21.00 (090) 24.00 (099) 27.50 (116) 29.50 (099) 29.50 (070) 16.00 (081) 19.50 (098) 29.50 (075) 17.75  
 Bhutan (082) 28.42 (070) 24.00 (064) 17.75 (070) 15.75 (074) 15.50 (116) 37.17 (098) 25.00 (142) 51.50 (146) 55.83 (157) 77.33 (135) 90.75
 Togo (083) 28.45 (079) 28.50 (060) 17.00 (062) 15.50 (053) 10.00 (049) 15.17 (066) 15.00 (095) 23.75 (075) 19.50 (095) 27.50 (097) 31.50
 Yunani (084) 28.46 (070) 24.00 (070) 19.00 (035) 9.00 (031) 7.50 (030) 9.25 (032) 8.00 (018) 4.00 (033) 7.00 (031) 6.00 (019) 5.00
 Kosovo[f] (085) 28.47 (086) 30.00 (092) 24.83 (075) 16.58 (058) 12.00 (060) 19.75 (070) 16.00 (100) 25.75 (077) 20.13 (085) 21.33 (060) 20.75
 Guinea (086) 28.49 (086) 30.00 (113) 33.50 (100) 28.50 (099) 21.50 (107) 33.50 (109) 27.50 (102) 26.00 (088) 24.50 (109) 33.17 (079) 26.00
 Bulgaria (087) 28.58 (080) 29.00 (070) 19.00 (068) 15.61 (059) 12.50 (051) 16.25 (035) 9.00 (048) 10.25 (036) 8.00 (034) 6.50 (038) 9.75
 Madagaskar (088) 28.62 (084) 29.50 (116) 34.88 (134) 45.83 (094) 21.00 (061) 20.00 (066) 15.00 (097) 24.50 (072) 18.50 (046) 8.17 (065) 22.75
 Gabon (089) 28.69 (101) 36.50 (107) 28.75 (129) 43.50 (110) 26.75 (102) 31.50 (114) 28.50 (102) 26.00 (115) 37.50 (101) 31.25 (058) 20.50
 Timor Leste (090) 28.72 (086) 30.00 (093) 25.00 (072) 16.00 (065) 13.75 (094) 27.00 (083) 18.50 (058) 13.50 (057) 13.50 (030) 5.50  
 Paraguay (091) 28.78 (080) 29.00 (054) 16.25 (054) 14.33 (090) 20.50 (090) 26.10 (082) 18.25 (069) 15.50 (046) 10.50 (040) 7.17 (032) 8.50
 Guinea-Bissau (092) 28.94 (075) 26.00 (067) 18.25 (092) 23.50 (081) 16.33 (107) 33.50 (062) 14.50 (071) 17.00 (083) 23.50 (118) 35.25 (094) 30.25
 Seychelles (093) 29.19 (073) 25.00 (065) 18.00 (072) 16.00 (074) 15.50 (104) 33.00 (095) 24.50 (071) 17.00 (083) 23.50 (093) 26.75 (060) 20.75
 Republik Turki Siprus Utara[g] (094) 29.34 (102) 37.00 (061) 17.25 (051) 14.00 (053) 10.00 (058) 19.00 (062) 14.50 (053) 12.50 (081) 22.00 (083) 20.83  
 Guatemala (095) 29.39 (097) 35.00 (077) 20.25 (106) 29.50 (101) 22.64 (104) 33.00 (090) 21.25 (086) 21.50 (066) 16.50 (099) 30.83 (083) 27.25
 Pantai Gading (096) 29.77 (159) 83.50 (118) 36.00 (103) 29.00 (109) 26.50 (094) 27.00 (098) 25.00 (144) 52.25 (149) 60.38 (137) 42.17 (055) 19.00
 Liberia (097) 29.89 (110) 40.50 (084) 22.50 (062) 15.50 (051) 9.75 (085) 25.33 (084) 19.00 (083) 20.50 (123) 40.00 (132) 40.00 (109) 37.75
 Mongolia (098) 29.93 (100) 35.75 (076) 19.42 (091) 23.33 (093) 20.83 (074) 23.40 (086) 19.25 (053) 12.50 (073) 19.00 (077) 18.25 (072) 24.50
 Mali (099) 30.03 (025) 0.00 (026) 8.00 (030) 8.00 (031) 7.50 (052) 16.50 (035) 9.00 (037) 8.00 (056) 12.83 (056) 11.00 (043) 12.50
 Georgia (100) 30.09 (104) 38.00 (099) 27.00 (081) 18.83 (120) 31.25 (066) 20.83 (089) 21.00 (099) 25.17 (094) 27.50 (073) 17.33  
 Lebanon (101) 30.15 (093) 31.50 (078) 20.50 (061) 15.42 (066) 14.00 (098) 28.75 (107) 27.00 (108) 28.25 (087) 24.38 (106) 32.50 (056) 19.67
 Albania (102) 30.88 (096) 34.44 (080) 21.50 (088) 21.75 (079) 16.00 (087) 25.50 (080) 18.00 (062) 14.17 (050) 11.50 (034) 6.50  
 Maladewa (103) 31.10 (073) 25.00 (052) 16.00 (051) 14.00 (104) 23.25 (129) 45.17 (144) 51.25 (148) 58.50 (157) 69.17 (145) 47.50  
 Uganda (104) 31.69 (139) 64.00 (096) 25.50 (086) 21.50 (107) 26.00 (096) 28.00 (116) 29.83 (080) 19.25 (086) 24.00 (091) 25.75 (052) 17.00
 Peru (105) 31.87 (115) 51.25 (109) 30.00 (085) 20.88 (108) 26.25 (117) 37.38 (112) 28.25 (116) 33.33 (123) 40.00 (055) 10.25 (036) 9.50
 Kirgizstan (106) 32.20 (108) 40.00 (159) 63.00 (125) 40.00 (111) 27.00 (110) 33.60 (123) 34.00 (111) 32.00 (107) 35.25 (104) 32.00 (098) 31.75
 Fiji (107) 32.69 (117) 55.00 (149) 52.75 (152) 60.00 (079) 16.00 (107) 33.50 (058) 14.00 (060) 14.00 (063) 16.00 (059) 11.50  
 Brasil (108) 32.75 (099) 35.33 (058) 16.60 (071) 15.88 (082) 18.00 (084) 25.25 (075) 17.17 (063) 14.50 (066) 16.50 (071) 16.75 (054) 18.75
 Bolivia (109) 32.80 (108) 40.00 (103) 28.13 (095) 24.17 (115) 28.20 (068) 21.50 (016) 4.50 (045) 9.67 (076) 20.00 (051) 9.67 (048) 14.50
 Qatar (110) 32.86 (114) 46.00 (121) 38.00 (094) 24.00 (074) 15.50 (079) 24.00 (080) 18.00 (090) 23.00 (104) 32.50 (115) 35.00  
 Panama (111) 32.95 (113) 45.67 (081) 21.83 (055) 14.50 (057) 11.83 (054) 17.88 (039) 9.50 (066) 15.00 (061) 14.50 (053) 9.75 (049) 15.50
 Israel[c] (112) 32.97 (092) 31.25 (086) 23.25 (093) 23.75 (046) 8.83 (044) 13.25 (050) 12.00 (047) 10.00 (036) 8.00 (044) 8.00 (092) 30.00
 Israel (extraterritorial)[h] (112) 32.97 (133) 59.00 (132) 47.00 (150) 55.50 (149) 51.50 (103) 32.00 (135) 47.00   (115) 37.50 (146) 49.00  
 Montenegro[e] (113) 32.97 (107) 39.00 (104) 28.50 (077) 17.00 (053) 10.00 (058) 19.00 (045) 11.50 (065) 14.83 (077) 20.13 (085) 21.33 (060) 20.75
 Uni Emirat Arab (114) 33.49 (112) 45.00 (087) 23.75 (086) 21.50 (069) 14.50 (065) 20.25 (077) 17.50 (100) 25.75 (137) 50.25 (122) 37.00  
 Nigeria (115) 34.11 (126) 56.40 (145) 51.50 (135) 46.00 (131) 37.75 (131) 49.83 (120) 32.23 (123) 38.75 (117) 37.75 (103) 31.50 (049) 15.50
 Makedonia (116) 34.27 (094) 31.67 (068) 18.40 (034) 8.75 (042) 8.25 (036) 11.50 (045) 11.50 (043) 8.75 (049) 11.25 (051) 9.67  
 Venezuela (117) 34.44 (117) 55.00 (133) 47.33 (124) 39.50 (113) 27.33 (114) 36.88 (115) 29.00 (090) 23.00 (090) 24.63 (096) 27.83 (077) 25.00
 Nepal (118) 34.61 (106) 38.75 (119) 36.38 (118) 35.63 (138) 43.25 (137) 53.75 (159) 73.50 (160) 86.75 (160) 84.00 (150) 51.50 (127) 63.00
 Ekuador (119) 34.69 (104) 38.00 (101) 27.50 (084) 20.00 (074) 15.50 (056) 18.50 (068) 15.25 (087) 21.75 (066) 16.50 (042) 7.67 (020) 5.50
 Kamerun (120) 34.78 (097) 35.00 (129) 44.30 (109) 30.50 (129) 36.90 (111) 36.00 (112) 28.25 (083) 20.50 (093) 27.00 (098) 30.50 (088) 28.83
 Chad (121) 34.87 (103) 37.67 (112) 33.17 (132) 44.50 (133) 41.25 (113) 36.50 (124) 35.50 (109) 30.00 (106) 33.25 (088) 24.00 (087) 28.75
 Brunei (122) 35.45 (125) 56.20 (142) 51.00 (155) 63.50             (111) 38.00
 Tajikistan (123) 35.71 (122) 56.00 (115) 34.50 (113) 32.00 (106) 25.50 (115) 37.00 (117) 30.00 (113) 33.00 (095) 27.75 (113) 34.50 (086) 28.25
 Sudan Selatan (124) 36.20 (111) 41.25                  
 Aljazair (125) 36.54 (122) 56.00 (133) 47.33 (141) 49.56 (121) 31.33 (123) 40.50 (126) 40.00 (129) 40.33 (128) 43.50 (108) 33.00 (095) 31.00
 Ukraina (126) 36.79 (116) 54.00 (131) 46.83 (089) 22.00 (087) 19.25 (092) 26.75 (105) 26.50 (112) 32.50 (138) 51.00 (132) 40.00 (112) 40.00
 Honduras (127) 36.92 (135) 61.00 (143) 51.13 (128) 42.00 (099) 21.50 (087) 25.50 (062) 14.50 (076) 18.00 (053) 11.75 (065) 14.17  
 Afganistan (128) 37.36 (150) 74.00 (147) 51.67 (149) 54.25 (156) 59.25 (142) 56.50 (130) 44.25 (125) 39.17 (097) 28.25 (134) 40.17 (104) 35.50
 Kolombia (129) 37.48 (143) 66.50 (145) 51.50 (126) 40.13 (126) 35.50 (126) 42.33 (131) 44.75 (128) 40.17 (134) 47.38 (147) 49.17 (114) 40.83
 Angola (130) 37.80 (132) 58.43 (104) 28.50 (119) 36.50 (116) 29.50 (091) 26.50 (091) 21.50 (076) 18.00 (091) 26.50 (097) 28.00 (093) 30.17
 Libya (131) 37.86 (154) 77.50 (160) 63.50 (156) 64.50 (160) 61.50 (155) 66.50 (152) 62.50 (162) 88.75 (154) 65.00 (153) 60.00 (129) 72.50
 Burundi (132) 38.02 (130) 57.75 (108) 28.88 (103) 29.00 (094) 21.00 (127) 43.40 (125) 39.83 (090) 23.00 (073) 19.00 (092) 26.25 (072) 24.50
 Zimbabwe (133) 38.12 (117) 55.00 (123) 39.50 (136) 46.50 (151) 54.00 (149) 62.00 (140) 50.00 (153) 64.25 (155) 67.50 (141) 45.50 (122) 48.25
 Yordania (134) 38.47 (128) 56.80 (120) 37.00 (112) 31.88 (128) 36.00 (122) 40.21 (109) 27.50 (096) 24.00 (121) 39.13 (122) 37.00 (099) 33.50
 Thailand (135) 38.60 (137) 61.50 (153) 56.83 (130) 44.00 (124) 34.50 (135) 53.50 (122) 33.50 (107) 28.00 (059) 14.00 (082) 19.67 (065) 22.75
 Maroko (136) 39.04 (138) 63.29 (135) 47.40 (127) 41.00 (122) 32.25 (106) 33.25 (097) 24.83 (119) 36.17 (126) 43.00 (131) 39.67 (089) 29.00
 Ethiopia (137) 39.57 (127) 56.60 (139) 49.38 (140) 49.00 (142) 47.75 (150) 63.00 (160) 75.00 (131) 42.00 (112) 37.00 (124) 37.50 (107) 37.50
 Tunisia (138) 39.93 (134) 60.25 (164) 72.50 (154) 61.50 (143) 48.10 (145) 57.00 (148) 53.75 (147) 57.50 (152) 62.67 (149) 50.83 (128) 67.75
 Indonesia (139) 41.05 (146) 68.00 (117) 35.83 (100) 28.50 (111) 27.00 (100) 30.50 (103) 26.00 (102) 26.00 (117) 37.75 (110) 34.25 (057) 20.00
 India (140) 41.22 (131) 58.00 (122) 38.75 (105) 29.33 (118) 30.00 (120) 39.33 (105) 26.50 (106) 27.00 (120) 38.50 (128) 39.00 (080) 26.50
 Oman (141) 41.51 (117) 55.00 (124) 40.25 (106) 29.50 (123) 32.67         (152) 57.75  
 Republik Demokratik Kongo (142) 41.66 (145) 67.67 (148) 51.83 (146) 53.50 (148) 51.25 (133) 50.50 (142) 51.00 (146) 57.33 (141) 51.50 (127) 38.50 (113) 40.75
 Kamboja (143) 41.81 (117) 55.00 (128) 43.83 (117) 35.17 (126) 35.50 (085) 25.33 (108) 27.25 (090) 23.00 (109) 36.50 (081) 19.50 (071) 24.25
 Bangladesh (144) 42.01 (129) 57.00 (126) 42.50 (121) 37.33 (136) 42.70 (134) 53.17 (137) 48.00 (151) 61.25 (151) 62.50 (143) 46.50 (118) 43.75
 Malaysia (145) 42.73 (122) 56.00 (141) 50.75 (131) 44.25 (132) 39.50 (124) 41.00 (092) 22.25 (113) 33.00 (122) 39.83 (104) 32.00 (110) 37.83
 Palestina (146) 43.09 (153) 76.00 (150) 56.13 (161) 69.83 (163) 66.88 (158) 69.83 (134) 46.75 (132) 42.50 (127) 43.17 (130) 39.25 (082) 27.00
 Filipina (147) 43.11 (140) 64.50 (156) 60.00 (122) 38.25 (139) 45.00 (128) 44.75 (142) 51.00 (139) 50.00 (111) 36.63 (118) 35.25 (089) 29.00
 Rusia (148) 43.42 (142) 66.00 (140) 49.90 (153) 60.88 (141) 47.50 (144) 56.90 (147) 52.50 (138) 48.67 (140) 51.38 (148) 49.50 (121) 48.00
 Singapura (149) 43.43 (135) 61.00 (136) 47.50 (133) 45.00 (144) 49.00 (141) 56.00 (146) 51.50 (140) 50.67 (147) 57.00 (144) 47.33  
 Irak (150) 44.67 (152) 75.36 (130) 45.58 (145) 53.30 (158) 59.38 (157) 67.83 (154) 66.83 (157) 67.00 (148) 58.50 (124) 37.50 (130) 79.00
 Myanmar (151) 44.71 (169) 100.00 (174) 94.50 (171) 102.67 (170) 94.38 (164) 93.75 (164) 94.75 (163) 88.83 (165) 103.63 (164) 95.50 (137) 96.83
 Gambia (152) 45.09 (141) 65.50 (125) 40.50 (137) 48.25 (137) 42.75 (130) 48.25 (149) 54.00 (130) 41.00 (098) 29.50 (077) 18.25 (064) 22.50
 Meksiko (153) 45.30 (149) 72.67 (136) 47.50 (137) 48.25 (140) 46.13 (136) 53.63 (132) 45.83 (135) 45.50 (096) 27.83 (074) 17.67 (075) 24.75
 Turki (154) 46.56 (148) 70.00 (138) 49.25 (122) 38.25 (102) 22.75 (101) 31.25 (098) 25.00 (098) 25.00 (113) 37.25 (115) 35.00 (099) 33.50
 Swaziland (155) 46.76 (144) 67.00 (155) 57.50 (144) 52.50 (147) 50.50 (138) 54.50 (127) 40.50 (118) 35.00 (101) 31.00 (124) 37.50 (089) 29.00
 Azerbaijan (156) 47.73 (162) 87.25 (152) 56.38 (146) 53.50 (150) 53.63 (139) 55.40 (135) 47.00 (141) 51.00 (136) 49.67 (113) 34.50 (101) 34.50
 Belarus (157) 48.35 (168) 99.00 (154) 57.00 (151) 59.50 (154) 58.33 (151) 63.63 (151) 57.00 (152) 61.33 (144) 54.10 (151) 52.00 (124) 52.17
 Mesir (158) 48.66 (166) 97.50 (127) 43.33 (143) 51.38 (146) 50.25 (146) 58.00 (133) 46.25 (143) 52.00 (128) 43.50 (110) 34.25 (101) 34.50
 Pakistan (159) 51.31 (151) 75.00 (151) 56.17 (159) 65.67 (152) 54.88 (152) 64.83 (157) 70.33 (150) 60.75 (150) 61.75 (128) 39.00 (119) 44.67
 Kazakhstan (160) 55.08 (154) 77.50 (162) 68.50 (142) 49.67 (125) 35.33 (125) 41.63 (128) 41.00 (119) 36.17 (131) 44.17 (138) 42.50 (116) 42.00
 Rwanda (161) 55.46 (156) 81.00 (169) 81.00 (157) 64.67 (145) 50.00 (147) 58.88 (128) 41.00 (122) 38.00 (113) 37.25 (110) 34.25 (107) 37.50
 Sri Lanka (162) 56.59 (163) 87.50 (158) 62.50 (162) 75.00 (165) 78.00 (156) 67.50 (141) 50.75 (115) 33.25 (109) 36.50 (089) 24.83 (051) 15.75
 Arab Saudi (163) 56.88 (158) 83.25 (157) 61.50 (163) 76.50 (161) 61.75 (148) 59.75 (161) 76.00 (154) 66.00 (159) 79.17 (156) 71.50 (125) 62.50
 Uzbekistan (164) 60.39 (157) 83.00 (163) 71.50 (160) 67.67 (162) 62.70 (160) 74.88 (158) 71.00 (155) 66.50 (142) 52.13 (154) 61.50 (120) 45.00
 Bahrain (165) 62.75 (173) 125.00 (144) 51.38 (119) 36.50 (096) 21.17 (118) 38.00 (111) 28.00 (123) 38.75 (143) 52.50 (117) 35.17 (067) 23.00
 Guinea Khatulistiwa (166) 67.20 (161) 86.00 (167) 79.00 (158) 65.50 (156) 59.25 (153) 65.25 (137) 48.00 (133) 44.00 (133) 46.25 (139) 44.75 (117) 42.75
 Djibouti (167) 67.40 (159) 83.50 (110) 30.50 (110) 31.00 (134) 41.50 (132) 50.25 (121) 33.00 (121) 37.00 (145) 55.00 (120) 35.50 (096) 31.25
 Laos (168) 67.99 (165) 89.00 (168) 80.50 (169) 92.00 (164) 70.00 (161) 75.00 (156) 67.50 (155) 66.50 (153) 64.33 (163) 94.83 (133) 89.00
 Yaman (169) 69.22 (171) 101.00 (170) 82.13 (167) 83.38 (155) 59.00 (143) 56.67 (149) 54.00 (136) 46.25 (135) 48.00 (136) 41.83 (103) 34.75
 Sudan (170) 70.06 (170) 100.75 (172) 85.33 (148) 54.00 (135) 42.00 (140) 55.75 (139) 48.13 (133) 44.00 (132) 44.25 (142) 45.75 (105) 36.00
 Kuba (171) 71.64 (167) 98.83 (166) 78.00 (170) 94.00 (169) 88.33 (165) 96.17 (165) 95.00 (161) 87.00 (166) 106.83 (165) 97.83 (134) 90.25
 Vietnam (172) 71.78 (172) 114.00 (165) 75.75 (166) 81.67 (168) 86.17 (162) 79.25 (155) 67.25 (158) 73.25 (161) 86.88 (159) 89.17 (131) 81.25
 Republik Rakyat Tiongkok (mainland) (173) 73.07 (174) 136.00 (171) 84.67 (168) 84.50 (167) 85.50 (163) 89.00 (163) 94.00 (159) 83.00 (162) 92.33 (161) 91.25 (138) 97.00
 Iran (174) 73.40 (175) 136.60 (175) 94.56 (172) 104.14 (166) 80.33 (166) 96.50 (162) 90.88 (164) 89.17 (158) 78.30 (160) 89.33 (122) 48.25
 Somalia (175) 73.59 (164) 88.33 (161) 66.00 (164) 77.50 (153) 58.00 (159) 71.50 (144) 51.25 (149) 59.00 (128) 43.50 (140) 45.00  
 Suriah (176) 78.53 (176) 138.00 (173) 91.50 (165) 78.00 (159) 59.63 (154) 66.00 (153) 63.00 (145) 55.00 (155) 67.50 (155) 67.50 (126) 62.83
 Turkmenistan (177) 79.14 (177) 140.67 (176) 95.33 (173) 107.00 (171) 95.50 (167) 103.75 (167) 98.50 (165) 93.50 (164) 99.83 (158) 82.83 (136) 91.50
 Korea Utara (178) 83.90 (178) 141.00 (177) 104.75 (174) 112.50 (172) 96.50 (168) 108.75 (168) 109.00 (167) 109.00 (167) 107.50 (166) 99.50 (139) 97.50
 Eritrea (179) 84.83 (179) 142.00 (178) 105.00 (175) 115.50 (173) 97.50 (169) 114.75 (166) 97.50 (166) 99.75 (163) 93.25 (162) 91.50 (132) 83.67

Catatan:

  1. ^ the report released in 2012 is titled 2011-2012
  2. ^ pre-2005 data includes Northern Cyprus
  3. ^ a b does not include extraterritorial areas until 2013
  4. ^ included with United States starting in 2013
  5. ^ a b pre-2007 data from Serbia and Montenegro
  6. ^ pre-2005 data from Serbia and Montenegro
  7. ^ pre-2005 data includes Cyprus
  8. ^ included with Israel starting in 2013

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b "Press Freedom Index 2013", Reporters Without Borders, 30 January 2013
  2. ^ 2013 World Press Freedom Index Questionnaire, Reporters Without Borders, 2013
  3. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2011-2012, Reporters Without Borders
  4. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2010, Reporters Without Borders
  5. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2009, Reporters Without Borders
  6. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2008, Reporters Without Borders
  7. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2007, Reporters Without Borders
  8. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2006, Reporters Without Borders
  9. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2005, Reporters Without Borders
  10. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2004, Reporters Without Borders
  11. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2003, Reporters Without Borders
  12. ^ World Press Freedom Index 2002, Reporters Without Borders

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