Impian Amerika

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Bagi banyak imigran, Patung Liberty adalah objek pertama yang dilihat di Amerika Serikat, menandakan kesempatan hidup yang baru. Patung ini adalah simbol Impian Amerika yang terkenal.

Impian Amerika adalah etos nasional Amerika Serikat, sekumpulan ide bahwa kebebasan meliputi kesempatan untuk makmur dan sukses, dan mobilitas sosial ke atas melalui kerja keras. Dalam definisi Impian Amerika oleh James Truslow Adams tahun 1931, "kehidupan semua orang harus lebih baik dan kaya dan penuh dengan kesempatan menurut kemampuan atau prestasinya" tanpa mengenal kelas sosial atau kondisi lahir.[1]

Ide Impian Amerika berakar dari Deklarasi Kemerdekaan Amerika Serikat yang menyatkaan bahwa "semua manusia diciptakan setara" dan mereka "dikaruniai hak-hak mutlak tertentu oleh Penciptanya", termasuk "hidup, bebas, dan mengejar kebahagiaan." [2]

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  1. ^ Library of Congress. American Memory. "What is the American Dream?", lesson plan.
  2. ^ Kamp, David (April 2009). "Rethinking the American Dream". Vanity Fair. Diarsipkan dari aslinya pada tanggal May 30, 2009. Diakses June 20, 2009. 
  • Adams, James Truslow. (1931). The Epic of America (Little, Brown, and Co. 1931)
  • Brueggemann, John. Rich, Free, and Miserable: The Failure of Success in America (Rowman & Littlefield; 2010) 233 pages; links discontent among middle-class Americans to the extension of market thinking into every aspect of life.
  • Chua, Chen Lok. "Two Chinese Versions of the American Dream: The Golden Mountain in Lin Yutang and Maxine Hong Kingston," MELUS Vol. 8, No. 4, The Ethnic American Dream (Winter, 1981), pp. 61–70 in JSTOR
  • Cullen, Jim. The American dream: a short history of an idea that shaped a nation, Oxford University Press US, 2004. ISBN 0-19-517325-2
  • Hanson, Sandra L., and John Zogby, "The Polls—Trends," Public Opinion Quarterly, Sept 2010, Vol. 74 Issue 3, pp 570–584
  • Hanson, Sandra L. and John Kenneth White, ed. The American Dream in the 21st Century (Temple University Press; 2011); 168 pages; essays by sociologists and other scholars how on the American Dream relates to politics, religion, race, gender, and generation.
  • Hopper, Kenneth, and William Hopper. The Puritan Gift: Reclaiming the American Dream Amidst Global Financial Chaos (2009), argues the Dream was devised by British entrepreneurs who build the American economy
  • Johnson, Heather Beth. The American dream and the power of wealth: choosing schools and inheriting inequality in the land of opportunity, CRC Press, 2006. ISBN 0-415-95239-5
  • Levinson, Julie. The American Success Myth on Film (Palgrave Macmillan; 2012) 220 pages
  • Lieu, Nhi T. The American Dream in Vietnamese (U. of Minnesota Press, 2011) 186 pp. ISBN 978-0-8166-6570-9
  • Ownby, Ted. American Dreams in Mississippi: Consumers, Poverty, and Culture 1830–1998 (University of North Carolina Press, 1999)
  • Samuel, Lawrence R. The American Dream: A Cultural History (Syracuse University Press; 2012) 241 pages; identifies six distinct eras since the phrase was coined in 1931.

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