Hari-hari Maret

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Hari-hari Maret
Bagian dari Perang Saudara Rusia
Tanggal 30 Maret 19182 April 1918
Lokasi Baku
Hasil Kemenangan Bolshevik-Dashnak
Pihak yang terlibat
Socialist red flag.svgPartai Bolshevik
Federasi Revolusioner Armenian
Musavat1917 Flag.gif Partai Musavat
Savage Division
Kekuatan
Bolshevik
6.000 pasukan[1]
Dashnak
4.000 milisi[1]
Musavat dan Savage Division
10.000 tentara dan milisi[1]
Korban
? 3.000 sampai 12.000 jiwa termasuk penduduk

Hari-hari Maret atau Insiden Maret merujuk pada perang inter-etnis selama Perang Saudara Rusia, yang menyebabkan pembantaian 3000 [2][3][4] sampai 12.000 bangsa Azerbaijan dan Muslim lainnya[5][6][7] di kota Baku dan lokasi lainnya di Governorat Baku.[8] Sumber Azerbaijan merujukan kejadian ini sebagai "genosida".[9][10]

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama Hopkirk
  2. ^ " Baku in flames as battle rages (Associated press) // New York Times, May 20, 1918, Monday, page 2. query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F50D11FC3D5A11738DDDA90A94DD405B888DF1D3
  3. ^ " PLAYING THE "COMMUNAL CARD": Communal Violence and Human Rights / Human Rights Watch, http://hrw.org/reports/1995/communal/#P985_418640
  4. ^ The Note Issues of Azerbaijan, Part I – The Baku Issues, by Peter Symes, http://www.pjsymes.com.au/articles/az-baku.htm
  5. ^ "New Republics in the Caucasus", The New York Times Current History, v. 11 no. 2 (March 1920), p. 492
  6. ^ "Anatomy of Rumor: Murder Scandal, the Musavat Party and Narrative of the Russian Revolution in Baku, 1917-1920", Journal of Contemporary History, Vol 36, No. 2, (Apr. 2001), p. 228
  7. ^ James B. Minahan. Miniature Empires: A Historical Dictionary of the Newly Independent States, Greenwood Press, 1998, ISBN 0-313-30610-9, p. 22: "The tensions and fighting between the Azeris and the Armenians in the federation culminated in the massacre of some 12,000 Azeris in Baku by radical Armenians and Bolshevik troops in March 1918"
  8. ^ (Rusia) Michael Smith. "Azerbaijan and Russia: Society and State: Traumatic Loss and Azerbaijani National Memory"
  9. ^ Decree of President of Republic of Azerbaijan about genocide of Azerbaijani people, March 1998
  10. ^ PACE Written Declaration, "Recognition of the genocide perpetrated against the Azeri population by the Armenians", Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, Doc. 9066 2nd edition, 14 May 2001