Grumman TBF Avenger

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TBF/TBM Avenger
TBF Avenger in Flight.jpg
Jenis Torpedo bomber
Pembuat Grumman
General Motors
Penerbangan perdana 7 August 1941
Diperkenalkan 1942
Dipensiunkan 1960s
Status Retired
Pengguna utama United States Navy
Royal Navy
Royal Canadian Navy
Royal New Zealand Air Force
Jumlah 9,839


Grumman TBF Avenger (ditujukan oleh TBM untuk pesawat yang diproduksi General Motors) adalah sebuah torpedo bomber yang dikembangkan untuk United States Navy dan Angkatan Laut, dan akhirnya digunakan oleh beberapa angkatan udara dan angkatan laut di seluruh dunia.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Drendel, Lou. TBF/TBM Avenger Walk Around. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 2001. ISBN 0-89747-424-4.
  • Drendel, Lou. "Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger". U.S. Navy Carrier Bombers of World War II. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1987, pp. 89–120. ISBN 0-89747-195-4.
  • Fletcher, R.G. Front Line Avenger Squadrons of the FAA. Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, UK: R.G. Fletcher, 1995. ISBN 0-9518877-1-8.
  • Francillon, René. Grumman (Eastern) TBF (TBM) Avenger (Aircraft in Profile 214). London: Profile Publications Ltd., 1970. No ISBN.
  • Geelen, Janic. The Topdressers. Auckland: NZ Aviation Press, 1983. ISBN 0-9597642-0-8.
  • Hove, Duane. American Warriors: Five Presidents in the Pacific Theater of World War II. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: Burd Street Press, 2003. ISBN 1-57249-260-0.
  • Jackson, B.R. and Thomas E. Doll. Grumman TBF/TBM "Avenger" (Aero Series 21). Fallbrook, California: Aero Publishers, Inc., 1970. ISBN 0-8168-0580-6.
  • Jackson, B.R. and Thomas E. Doll. Supplement to Grumman TBF/TBM "Avenger". Fallbrook, California: Aero Publishers, Inc., 1970. ISBN 0-8168-0582-2.
  • Kinzey, Bert. TBF & TBM Avenger in Detail & Scale. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1997. ISBN 1-888974-06-0.
  • Pelletier, Alain. Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger (Perancis). Paris: Ouest France, 1981. ISBN 2-85882-311-1.
  • Prange, Gordon William et al. Miracle at Midway. New York: Viking, 1983. ISBN 0-14-006814-7.
  • Scrivner, Charles L. TBF/TBM Avenger in Action. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1987. ISBN 0-89747-197-0.
  • Skulski, Przemyslaw. Grumman Avenger (Seria Pod Lupa 5). Wroclaw, Poland: Ace Publications, 1997. ISBN 83-86153-40-7.
  • Tillman, Barrett. Avenger at War. London: Ian Allan Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-7110-0957-0.
  • Tillman, Barrett. TBF/TBM Avenger Units of World War 2. Botley, UK: Osprey Publishing Ltd., 1999. ISBN 1-85532-902-6.
  • Treadwell, Terry C. Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger. Mount Pleasant, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing, 2001. ISBN 0-7524-2007-0.
  • Wheeler, Barry C. The Hamlyn Guide to Military Aircraft Markings. London: Chancellor press, 1992. ISBN 1-85152-582-3.

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