Flu Spanyol

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Pandemik flu 1918 (biasanya disebut flu Spanyol) adalah pandemik influenza kategori 5 yang mulai menyebar di Amerika Serikat, muncul di Afrika Barat dan Perancis, lalu menyebar hampir ke seluruh dunia. Penyakit ini disebabkan oleh virus Influenza A subtipe H1N1. Kebanyakan korban flu ini adalah dewasa muda. Flu Spanyol terjadi dari Maret 1918 sampai Juni 1920,[1] menyebar sampai ke Arktik dan kepulauan Pasifik. Diperkirakan 50 sampai 100 juta orang di seluruh dunia meninggal.

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

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  • Crosby, Alfred W. (1990). America's Forgotten Pandemic: The Influenza of 1918. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-38695-0. 
  • Johnson, Niall (2006). Britain and the 1918-19 Influenza Pandemic: A Dark Epilogue. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-36560-0. 
  • Johnson, Niall (2003). "Measuring a pandemic: Mortality, demography and geography". Popolazione e Storia: 31–52. 
  • Johnson, Niall (2003). "Scottish ’flu – The Scottish mortality experience of the “Spanish flu". Scottish Historical Review 83 (2): 216–226. 
  • Johnson, Niall; Juergen Mueller (2002). "Updating the accounts: global mortality of the 1918–1920 ‘Spanish’ influenza pandemic". Bulletin of the History of Medicine 76: 105–15. 
  • Kolata, Gina. Flu: The Story of the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 and the Search for the Virus That Caused It (1999) ISBN 0-374-15706-5
  • Noymer, Andrew; Michel Garenne (2000). "The 1918 Influenza Epidemic's Effects on Sex Differentials in Mortality in the United States". Population and Development Review 26 (3): 565–581. ISSN 0098-7921. 
  • Oxford JS, Sefton A, Jackson R, Innes W, Daniels RS, Johnson NP (2002). "World War I may have allowed the emergence of "Spanish" influenza". The Lancet infectious diseases 2 (2): 111–4. PMID 11901642. 
  • Oxford JS, Sefton A, Jackson R, Johnson NP, Daniels RS (1999). "Who's that lady?". Nat. Med. 5 (12): 1351–2. doi:10.1038/70913. PMID 10581070. 
  • Phillips, Howard; David Killingray (eds) (2003). The Spanish Flu Pandemic of 1918: New Perspectives. London and New York: Routledge. 
  • Rice, Geoffrey W.; Edwina Palmer (1993). "Pandemic Influenza in Japan, 1918-1919: Mortality Patterns and Official Responses". Journal of Japanese Studies 19 (2): 389–420. ISSN 0095-6848. 
  • Rice, Geoffrey W. (2005). Black November: the 1918 Influenza Pandemic in New Zealand. Canterbury University Press. ISBN 1-877257-35-4. 

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