Charles Evans Hughes

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Charles Evans Hughes
Lahir 11 April 1862
Glens Falls, New York, AS
Meninggal 27 Agustus 1948 (umur 86)
Osterville, Massachusetts, AS
Almamater Universitas Madison,
Universitas Brown,
Universitas Columbia
Pendahulu William Howard Taft
Pengganti Harlan F. Stone
Partai politik Republik
Agama Baptis
Pasangan Antoinette Carter Hughes
Anak 4
Charles Evans Hughes pada usia 16 tahun
Charles Evans Hughes saat menjadi gubernur
Lukisan kegubernuran Charles Evans Hughes
Lukisan Hughes yang tampil dalam Galeri Lukisan Nasional di Washington, D.C.

Charles Evans Hughes, Sr. (11 April 1862 – 27 Agustus 1948) adalah seorang negarawan, pengacara, dan politisi Republik Amerika dari New York. Ia menjabat sebagai Gubernur New York ke-36 (1907–1910), Dewan Tertinggi Ikatan Keadilan Amerika Serikat (1910–1916), Sekretaris Negara Amerika Serikat (1921–1925), seorang hakim pada Dewan Keadilan Internasional (1928–1930), dan Ketua Keadilan Amerika Serikat ke-11 (1930–1941). Ia adalah kandidat Republik dalam pemilihan umum presiden AS 1916, mengalahkan Woodrow Wilson.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kutipan
Daftar pustaka

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • The Recall of Justice Hughes (May, 1916) The World's Work.
  • Abraham, Henry J., Justices and Presidents: A Political History of Appointments to the Supreme Court. 3d. ed. (Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1992). ISBN 0-19-506557-3.
  • Cushman, Clare, The Supreme Court Justices: Illustrated Biographies,1789–1995 (2nd ed.) (Supreme Court Historical Society), (Congressional Quarterly Books, 2001) ISBN 1-56802-126-7; ISBN 978-1-56802-126-3.
  • Frank, John P., The Justices of the United States Supreme Court: Their Lives and Major Opinions (Leon Friedman and Fred L. Israel, editors) (Chelsea House Publishers, 1995) ISBN 0-7910-1377-4, ISBN 978-0-7910-1377-9.
  • Glad, Betty, Charles Evans Hughes and the illusions of innocence: A study in American diplomacy (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1966).
  • Hall, Kermit L., ed. The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States. Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-19-505835-6; ISBN 978-0-19-505835-2.
  • Martin, Fenton S. and Goehlert, Robert U., The U.S. Supreme Court: A Bibliography, (Congressional Quarterly Books, 1990). ISBN 0-87187-554-3.
  • Perkins, Dexter, Charles Evans Hughes and American democratic statesmanship (Boston: Little, Brown, 1956).
  • Pusey, Merlo J., Charles Evans Hughes, 2 vol. (New York: Macmillan, 1951).. the standard scholarly biography
  • Shesol, Jeff. Supreme Power: Franklin Roosevelt vs. The Supreme Court (W.W. Norton, 2010)
  • Simon, James F., FDR and Chief Justice Hughes: The President, the Supreme Court, and the Epic Battle Over the New Deal (Simon & Schuster, Forthcoming, February 2012).
  • Urofsky, Melvin I., The Supreme Court Justices: A Biographical Dictionary (New York: Garland Publishing 1994). 590 pp. ISBN 0-8153-1176-1; ISBN 978-0-8153-1176-8.
  • Wesser, Robert F., Charles Evans Hughes: Politics and reform in New York, 1905–1910 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1967).

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

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