Bangsa Albania

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Bangsa Albania
Shqiptarët
Gjergj Kastrioti.jpg
Mother Teresa.jpg
Ismail Qemali.jpg
Dupré - Ali Pasha.jpg
ModernEgypt, Muhammad Ali by Auguste Couder, BAP 17996.jpg
Ghega-lithografie-kriehuber-1851.jpg
FAN NOLI.jpg
Portrait of a volunteer officer of the Ottoman Civilian Battalion.jpg
Ibrahim Rugova.jpg
Eliza Dushku 2012 Shankbone.JPG
Olympique de Marseille - Association de la Jeunesse auxerroise 2007 2008 Lorik Cana.jpg
Ferid Murad.jpg
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GjergjFishta.jpg
Joseph DioGuardi.jpg
Francesco Crispi.jpg
Kara DioGuardi.jpg
Naim Frasheri.jpg
Jumlah populasi

Sekitar 8-8,5 juta

Kawasan dengan populasi yang signifikan
 Albania 2.312.356 [1]
 Kosovo[a] 1.690.000 [2]
Balkan lainnya:
 Makedonia 509.083 [3]
 Yunani 274.390-600.000 [4][5]
 Montenegro 30.439 [6]
 Kroasia 17.513 (Sensus 2011) [7]
 Rumania 10.000 [8]
 Serbia 5.809 (memboikot)1, diperkirakan 60.000 [9]
Eropa lainnya:
 Italia 1.300.000: 482.6272 + 800.000 orang Albania Arbëreshë lokal. [10],[11]
 Jerman 300.000 [12]
 Swiss 200.000 [13][14]
 Belanda 60.000
 Swedia 60.000
 Britania Raya 30.000 [15]
 Austria 28.212 [16]
 Perancis 20.000
 Norwegia 10.000
 Denmark 8.000 [17]
 Finlandia 7.804 [18]
 Belgia 5.600–30.000 [19][20]
 Ukraina 5.000 [21]
Timur Tengah:
 Turki 500.000-1.300.0003 [22]
 Mesir 20.000
Dunia:
 Amerika Serikat 193.813 [23]
 Kanada 22.395 [24]
 Australia 11.315 [25]
Bahasa
Albania
Agama

Muslim
Sunni, Bektashi
Kekristenan:
Katolik Roma, Ortodoks Albania, Protestan

Ireligius

Bangsa Albania (bahasa Albania: Shqiptarët) adalah kelompok etnis dari Albania dan wilayah sekitarnya atau penduduk Republik Albania tanpa memandang etnis.[26] Etnis Albania menuturkan bahasa Albania dan sebagian besar tinggal di Albania dan Kosovo. Diaspora Albania juga dapat ditemui di sejumlah negara lainnya.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Menurut penelitian antropologi genetik, orang Albania memiliki nenek moyang yang sama dengan bangsa Eropa lainnya.[27]

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ http://www.instat.gov.al/media/177354/main_results__population_and_housing_census_2011.pdf
  2. ^ Lihat Sensus 2011.
  3. ^ "2002 Macedonian Census" (PDF). Diarsipkan dari aslinya pada tanggal 22 September 2010. Diakses 2010-09-22. 
  4. ^ Migration and Migration Policy in Greece. Critical Review and Policy Recommendations. Anna Triandafyllidou. Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP). Data taken from Greek ministry of Interiors. p. 5 "the total number of Albanian citizens residing in Greece, including 185,000 co-ethnics holding special identity cards"
  5. ^ Gialis, Gialis. "Spatial demography of the Balkans: trends and challenges". IVth International Conference of Balkans Demography. hlm. 4. Diakses 4 November 2010. , Kees, Groenendijk. "The status of quasi-citizenship in EU member states: Why some states have "almost-citizens"". University of Edinburgh. hlm. 415–416. Diakses 4 November 2010. 
  6. ^ Official Results of Monenegrin Census 2011
  7. ^ Templat:Croatian Census 2011
  8. ^ "Date demografice" (dalam bahasa Romanian). Diarsipkan dari aslinya pada tanggal 11 August 2010. Diakses 18 August 2010. 
  9. ^ (Serbia) Official Results of Serbian Census 2011–PopulationPDF (441 KB), pp. 12–13
  10. ^ "Microsoft Word - pippo.doc" (PDF). Diakses 2010-09-22. 
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ Hans-Peter Bartels: Deutscher Bundestag - 16. Wahlperiode - 166. Sitzung. Berlin, Donnerstag, den 5. Juni 2008
  13. ^ "Die Albaner in der Schweiz: Geschichtliches – Albaner in der Schweiz seit 1431" (PDF). Diakses 2010-09-22. 
  14. ^ "Im Namen aller Albaner eine Moschee?". Infowilplus.ch. 2007-05-25. Diakses 2010-09-22. 
  15. ^ Bennetto, Jason (2002-11-25). "Total Population of Albanians in the United Kingdom". London: Independent.co.uk. Diakses 2010-09-22. 
  16. ^ STATISTIK AUSTRIA
  17. ^ "National statistics of Denmark". Dst.dk. Diarsipkan dari aslinya pada tanggal 26 September 2010. Diakses 2010-09-22. 
  18. ^ "Demographics of Finland". 
  19. ^ "Population par nationalité, sexe, groupe et classe d'âges au 1er janvier 2010" (dalam bahasa French). Diakses 12 January 2012. 
  20. ^ "Anderlecht, Molenbeek, Schaarbeek: repères du crime à Bruxelles". cafebabel.com. Diakses 12 January 2012. 
  21. ^ Olson, James S., An Ethnohistorical Dictionary of the Russian and Soviet Empires. (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1994) p. 28–29
  22. ^ "Türkiye'deki Kürtlerin sayısı!" (dalam bahasa Turkish). 6 June 2008. Diakses 17 August 2010. 
  23. ^ "Total ancestry categories tallied for people with one or more ancestry categories reported 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Diakses 30 November 2012. 
  24. ^ "Canadian Census of 2006". 2008-06-10. Diakses 2010-09-22. 
  25. ^ "20680-Ancestry (full classification list) by Sex - Australia" (Microsoft Excel download). 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Diakses 2008-06-02.  Total responses: 25,451,383 for total count of persons: 19,855,288.
  26. ^ Gëzim Krasniqi. "Citizenship in an emigrant nation-state: the case of Albania". University of Edinburgh. Diakses 7 August 2012. 
  27. ^ Michele Belledi, Estella S. Poloni, Rosa Casalotti, Franco Conterio, Ilia Mikerezi, James Tagliavini and Laurent Excoffier. "Maternal and paternal lineages in Albania and the genetic structure of Indo-European populations". European Journal of Human Genetics, July 2000, Volume 8, Number 7, pp. 480-486. "Mitochondrial DNA HV1 sequences and Y chromosome haplotypes (DYS19 STR and YAP) were characterized in an Albanian sample and compared with those of several other Indo-European populations from the European continent. No significant difference was observed between Albanians and most other Europeans, despite the fact that Albanians are clearly different from all other Indo-Europeans linguistically. We observe a general lack of genetic structure among Indo-European populations for both maternal and paternal polymorphisms, as well as low levels of correlation between linguistics and genetics, even though slightly more significant for the Y chromosome than for mtDNA. Altogether, our results show that the linguistic structure of continental Indo-European populations is not reflected in the variability of the mitochondrial and Y chromosome markers. This discrepancy could be due to very recent differentiation of Indo-European populations in Europe and/or substantial amounts of gene flow among these populations."

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Albania-stub
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