Bandar Udara Internasional Hong Kong

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Hong Kong International Airport
Chek Lap Kok Airport
香港國際機場
赤鱲角機場
HongKongAirportlogo.svg
A bird's eye view of Hong Kong International Airport.JPG
IATA: HKGICAO: VHHH
Ringkasan
Tipe Airport Public
Operator Airport Authority Hong Kong
Serves Hong Kong
Lokasi Chek Lap Kok, Hong Kong
Hanggar Airline untuk
Ketinggian AMSL 28 ft / 9 m
Koordinat 22°18′32″LU 113°54′52″BT / 22,30889°LU 113,91444°BT / 22.30889; 113.91444Koordinat: 22°18′32″LU 113°54′52″BT / 22,30889°LU 113,91444°BT / 22.30889; 113.91444
Website www.hongkongairport.com
Map
HKG is located in Hong Kong
HKG
Location within Hong Kong
Runways
Direction Panjang Permukaan
ft m
07R/25L 12.467 3.800 Aspal
07L/25R 12.467 3.800 Aspal
Statistik (2011)
Passengers 53.314.213
ACI[2]
Airbus A330-200 (Air Seychelles) dan menara kontrol bandara

Bandar Udara Internasional Hong Kong (b. Inggris: Hong Kong International Airport atau HKIA) adalah bandara internasional yang melayani daerah Hong Kong, Republik Rakyat Tiongkok dengan kode IATA HKG dan kode ICAO VHHH. Nama lain dari bandara ini adalah Bandara Chek Lap Kok.

Bandara ini terletak di pulau Chek Lap Kok dan sejak dibuka pada tahun 1998, menjadi salah satu pusat transit yang penting di dunia karena posisinya yang strategis. Bandara berkapasitas sebesar 45 juta penumpang dengan 3 juta ton kargo dan setelah landas pacu kedua dibuka pada Mei 1999, kapasitas meningkat menjadi 87 juta penumpang dan 9 juta ton kargo. Bandara yang menjadi pusat operasi Cathay Pacific, Dragonair, Air Hong Kong, CR Airways, dan Hong Kong Express ini mendapatkan penghargaan sebagai bandara terbaik dari majalah Skytrax selama lima tahun berturut-turut (2001-2005).

Saat ini terdapat 2 buah landas pacu dengan panjang 3.800 meter dan selebar 60 meter. Nama landasan tersebut adalah 07L/25R dan 07R/25L yang berarti bisa juga dibedakan sebagai landasan utara dan selatan.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bandara ini dibangun untuk menggantikan Bandara Internasional Kai Tak di atas pulau buatan yang direklamasi dari pulau Chek Lap Kok dan Lam Chau. Luas lahan bandara ini adalah 12,48 km² yang 25% dari luas tersebut adalah kedua pulau yang direklamasi tadi.

Bandara ini dibuka pada 6 Juli 1998 dengan desain dari arsitek Foster and Partners serta memakan waktu 6 tahun dengan biaya 20 milyar dolar AS. Selama tiga sampai lima bulan pertama beroperasi, berbagai masalah melanda bandara ini bahkan kargo sempat dipindahkan kembali ke Kai Tak.

Maskapai[sunting | sunting sumber]

Berikut adalah daftar maskapai penerbangan yang terdapat di HKIA yang disusun berdasarkan jalur untuk check-in

Jalur A[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jalur B[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jalur C[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jalur D[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jalur E[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pesawat di lapangan taksi Bandara Internasional HK

Jalur F[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jalur G[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jalur H[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jalur I[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sehingga maskapai penerbangan menurut tujuannya (berserta cargo) disusun sebagai berikut:

Penumpang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Terminal 1 Departures Hall entrance
The interior of Terminal 1 at night-time
Check-in counters at Terminal 1
Boarding gate area
Level 5 – Arrivals Hall
Maskapai Tujuan Terminal
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 1
Aeroflot
operated by Vladivostok Air
Vladivostok[3] 2
Air Astana Almaty [dimulai 2 July][4] TBD
Air Busan Busan 1
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver 1
Air China Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Tianjin 1
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1
Air India Delhi, Osaka-Kansai, Seoul-Incheon 1
Air Mauritius Mauritius 1
Air New Zealand Auckland, London-Heathrow 1
Air Niugini Port Moresby 1
Air Pacific Nadi 1
AirAsia Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Penang 2
Airphil Express Cebu, Clark 2
All Nippon Airways Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Haneda 1
All Nippon Airways
operated by Air Japan
Tokyo-Narita 1
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon 1
Bangkok Airways Koh Samui 2
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka 1
British Airways London-Heathrow 1
Cathay Pacific Abu Dhabi, Adelaide, Amsterdam, Auckland, Bahrain, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Brisbane, Cairns, Cebu, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Colombo, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dubai, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jeddah, Johannesburg, Karachi, Kuala Lumpur, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Manila, Melbourne, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Mumbai, Nagoya-Centrair, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Perth, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, San Francisco, Sapporo-Chitose, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Surabaya, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver 1
Cebu Pacific Cebu, Clark, Kalibo, Manila 1
China Airlines Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Kaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan 1
China Eastern Airlines Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Hefei, Jinan, Kunming, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Taiyuan, Wenzhou, Wuxi, Xi'an 1
China Southern Airlines Beijing-Capital, Changchun, Guangzhou, Guilin, Meixian, Nanning, Shantou, Shenyang, Wuhan, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou 1
Delta Air Lines Detroit, Tokyo-Narita 1
Dragonair Bangalore, Beijing-Capital, Busan, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Clark [dimulai 29 May 2012], Dhaka, Fukuoka, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin[5], Hangzhou, Hanoi, Jeju[6], Kaohsiung, Kathmandu, Kota Kinabalu, Kunming, Manila, Naha, Nanjing, Ningbo, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Taichung [resumes 14 May 2012][7], Taipei-Taoyuan, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xiamen
Musiman: Chiang Mai [dimulai 1 July 2012][8], Sendai
1
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 1
Emirates Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Dubai 1
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 1
EVA Air Taipei-Taoyuan 1
Finnair Helsinki 1
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta 1
Hong Kong Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Changsha, Denpasar/Bali, Guilin, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Kaohsiung, Kunming, London-Gatwick, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita
Sewaan: Malé
1
Hong Kong Express Airways Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Haikou, Harbin, Nanning, Naha, Osaka-Kansai, Sanya, Sapporo-Chitose, Shanghai-Pudong, Taichung 1
Japan Airlines Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita 1
Jeju Air Busan, Seoul-Incheon
Sewaan: Jeju
1
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore 2
Jet Airways Delhi, Mumbai 2
Jin Air Seoul-Incheon 1
Juneyao Airlines Shanghai-Pudong 2
Kenya Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta 1
KLM Amsterdam 1
Korean Air Busan, Cheongju, Seoul-Incheon 1
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1
Malaysia Airlines Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Kuching 1
Mandarin Airlines Kaohsiung, Taichung 1
Mega Maldives Gan, Malé 1
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Ulan Bator 1
Mongolian Airlines Ulan Bator [begins 1 June 2012] 1
Nepal Airlines Kathmandu 1
Orient Thai Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 1
Pakistan International Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Islamabad, Lahore 1
Peach Osaka-Kansai [begins 1 July 2012][9] TBD
Philippine Airlines Kalibo, Manila 2
Qantas Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney 1
Qatar Airways Doha 1
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan 1
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 2
S7 Airlines Khabarovsk, Vladivostok 2
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Xuzhou 1
Shenzhen Airlines Quanzhou 2
Sichuan Airlines Beihai, Chengdu, Yichang 1
Singapore Airlines San Francisco, Singapore 1
South African Airways Johannesburg 2
South East Asian Airlines Clark, Davao [begins 15 May 2012] 2
Spring Airlines Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang [begins 19 June 2012][10], Shijiazhuang 2
SriLankan Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Colombo 1
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 1
Tianjin Airlines Tianjin 2
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Phuket 2
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Phuket, Seoul-Incheon, Taipei-Taoyuan [dimulai 28 October] 2
Tiger Airways Singapore 2
Transaero Airlines Musiman: Moscow-Domodedovo [dimulai kembali 2 July] 1
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 1
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Guam, Ho Chi Minh City, Newark, San Francisco, Singapore, Tokyo-Narita 1
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City 1
Virgin Atlantic Airways London-Heathrow, Sydney 1
Xiamen Airlines Wuyishan, Xiamen 1
Kota dengan koneksi internasional ke Hong Kong

--39.213.115.76 21 Mei 2012 02.59 (UTC)

Cargo airlines[sunting | sunting sumber]

Maskapai Tujuan
ACT Airlines Cebu, Dhaka, Lahore, Port Moresby, Taipei-Taoyuan
Aeroflot-Cargo Almaty, Karaganda, Khabarovsk, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Novosibirsk
Aerologic Bahrain, Brussels, Dubai, Frankfurt, Lahore, Leipzig/Halle, Sharjah
Air Atlanta Icelandic Bagram, Kabul, Karaganda, Frankfurt
Air Cargo Germany Dubai-Al Maktoum, Dubai, Hahn, Mumbai
Air China Cargo Beijing-Capital, Tianjin
Air France Cargo Bahrain, Dammam, Dubai, Jeddah, Kuwait, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Hong Kong Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Manila, Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Penang, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Almaty, Amsterdam, Clark, Yekaterinburg, Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk, Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Moscow-Vnukovo, St. Petersburg
ANA Cargo Nagoya-Centrair, Naha, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita
Aryan Cargo Express Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Mumbai
Asiana Cargo Seoul-Incheon
Atlas Air Abu Dhabi, Adana/Incirlik, Anchorage, Ault Field, Bagram, Baku, Chicago-O'Hare, Dover, Dubai, Eielson AFB, Fairfield, Guam, Hahn, Huntsville, Iwakuni, Kadena, Kagoshima, Karaganda, Kuwait, Luxembourg, Mazari, Melbourne, Miami, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Osan, Sapporo-Chitose, Seoul-Incheon, Sydney, Toledo
Avient Aviation Karachi
British Airways World Cargo Atlanta, Bahrain, Barcelona, Chennai, Cologne/Bonn, Dammam, Delhi, Dhaka, Dubai, Frankfurt, Karachi, London-Stansted, Mumbai, Munich, Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Sendai, Singapore, Zaragoza
Cardig Air Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Cargolux Abu Dhabi, Almaty, Amman-Queen Alia, Baku, Barcelona, Beirut, Budapest, Chicago-O'Hare, Dammam, Doha, Dubai, Helsinki, Ho Chi Minh City, Karaganda, Komatsu, Kuwait, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, New York-JFK, Nuremberg, Riyadh, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan, Upington
Cargolux Italia Almaty, Dubai, Milan-Malpensa, Osaka-Kansai
Cargo Garuda Indonesia Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Cathay Pacific Cargo Amsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Beijing, Bangalore, Brussels, Chengdu, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Chongqing, Dallas/Fort Worth, Delhi, Dhaka, Dubai, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Houston-Intercontinental, Hyderabad [begins 17 May 2012],[11] Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Manchester (UK), Melbourne, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Mumbai, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, San Francisco, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Stockholm-Arlanda, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Xiamen, Zaragoza, Zhengzhou
China Airlines Cargo Manila, Taipei-Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Qingdao, Shanghai-Pudong
Deccan 360 Delhi
DETA Air JSC Almaty
DHL Air UK Delhi, Leipzig/Halle
Emirates SkyCargo Chennai, Dubai, Kabul, Lahore
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa, Chennai
Etihad Crystal Cargo Abu Dhabi
EVA Air Cargo Taipei-Taoyuan
Evergreen International Airlines Adana/Incirlik, Anchorage, Bagram, Chicago-O'Hare, Columbus, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fairbanks, Los Angeles, Marana, Memphis, Nagoya-Centrair, New York-JFK
FedEx Express Almaty, Anchorage, Delhi, Manila, Memphis, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Seoul-Incheon, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita
Finnair Cargo/Nordic Global Airlines Helsinki
Hong Kong Airlines Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Chengdu, Chongjin, Chennai, Delhi, Frankfurt, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Osaka-Kansai, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Nanning, Ningbo, Penang, Qingdao, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Shijiazhuang, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita, Tianjin, Xiamen, Zhengzhou
Kalitta Air Anchorage, Astana, Bagram, Bahrain, Brussels, Chicago-O'Hare, Cincinnati, Columbus, Dallas/Fort Worth, Delhi, Dubai, Kabul, Kadena, Khabarovsk, Los Angeles, Nagoya-Centrair, New York-JFK, Newark, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Seoul-Incheon
KLM Cargo
operated by Martinair Cargo
Almaty, Amsterdam, Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Korean Air Cargo Seoul-Incheon
Lufthansa Cargo Almaty, Bahrain, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cairo, Chennai, Doha, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Jeddah, Kandahar, Karachi, Leipzig/Halle, Mumbai, Riyadh, Sharjah, Tashkent
Martinair Cargo Almaty, Amsterdam, Bahrain, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chennai, Delhi, Doha, Dubai, Muscat, Sharjah
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur, Manila, Penang
Midex Airlines Kolkata
MNG Airlines Cargo Delhi
Nippon Cargo Airlines Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita
Polar Air Cargo Anchorage, Bahrain, Campinas, Chicago-O'Hare, Cincinnati, Leipzig/Halle, Los Angeles, New York-JFK, Seoul-Incheon, Wilmington
Polet Airlines Ashgabat, Dhaka, Nottingham/East Midlands, Liege, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Novosibirsk
Qantas Freight Melbourne, Sydney
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Saudi Arabian Airlines Cargo Dammam, Jeddah, Riyadh, Thiruvananthapuram
Shenzhen Donghai Airlines Chengdu, Shenzhen, Wuhan
Singapore Airlines Cargo Amsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Bangalore, Brussels, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Guadalajara, Hanoi, Los Angeles, Osaka-Kansai, Mumbai, Shanghai-Pudong, Sharjah, Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita
Southern Air Amsterdam, Anchorage, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Casablanca, Chicago-O'Hare, Dubai, Frankfurt, Maastricht, Miami, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Seoul-Incheon, Sharjah
Star Airlines - Macedonia Karachi
TNT Airways Almaty, Hahn, Kabul, Karaganda, Liege
Transmile Air Services Anchorage, Johor Bahru, Kuala Lumpur, Riverside, Subang
Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines Cebu, Clark
Turkish Cargo Almaty, Istanbul-Atatürk
ULS Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Manila, Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Penang, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita
UPS Airlines Anchorage, Clark, Cologne/Bonn, Dubai, Honolulu, Louisville, Mumbai, Ontario, Osaka-Kansai, Philadelphia, Sapporo-Chitose, Seoul-Incheon, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Wilmington
World Airways Adana/Incirlik, Anchorage, Chicago-O'Hare, Ciudad Del Este, Jeddah, Lagos, Los Angeles, Seoul-Incheon, Sharjah, Yoff
Yangtze River Express Hangzhou, Qingdao, Shanghai-Pudong, Tianjin, Zhengzhou

Kedatangan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Di lobi kedatangan, penumpang harus melalui pemeriksaan imigrasi, mengambil bagasi, dan melalui pemeriksaan bea cukai. Walaupun Bandara Internasional Hong Kong hanya memiliki satu buah terminal, tetapi keluar melalui pintu yang salah akan menyebabkan kesalahan yang fatal terutama bila penumpang akan bertemu dengan seseorang yang bukan penumpang.

Pemungutan bagasi pada karousel 1-7 mengharuskan penumpang untuk keluar dari pintu keluar A. Sedangkan pemungutan bagasi pada karousel 8-14 mengharuskan penumpang untuk keluar dari pintu keluar B. Hanya Cathay Pacific yang mempunyai karousel pemungutan bagasi dan pintu keluar yang tetap (yaitu 7-8).

Jalur J[sunting | sunting sumber]

    1. LY - El Al Israel Airlines
    2. MF - Xiamen Airlines
    3. MU - China Eastern Airlines
    4. NW - Northwest Airlines
    5. OX - Orient Thai
    6. OZ - Asiana Airlines
    7. PK - Pakistan International Airlines
    8. PR - Philippine Airlines
    9. TK - Turkish Airlines
    10. UL - SriLankan Airlines

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]