Bandar Udara Internasional London Heathrow

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Bandar Udara Internasional London Heathrow
Logo heathrow lowres.jpg
Heathrow T5.jpg
Bangunan Terminal 5 Heathrow
IATA: LHRICAO: EGLL
WMO: 03772
Ikhtisar
Jenis bandara Publik
Pemilik BAA Limited
Pengelola Heathrow Airport Limited
Lokasi Hillingdon, London, United Kingdom
Penghubung untuk
Ketinggian DPML 83 kaki / 25 m
Koordinat 51°28′39″LU 000°27′41″BT / 51,4775°LU 0,46139°BB / 51.47750; -0.46139Koordinat: 51°28′39″LU 000°27′41″BT / 51,4775°LU 0,46139°BB / 51.47750; -0.46139
Situs web www.heathrowairport.com
Peta
LHR/EGLL is located in London Raya
LHR/EGLL
Lokasi bandara di Greater London
Landas pacu
Arah Panjang Permukaan
m ft
09L/27R 3.901 13 Grooved Aspal
09R/27L 3.660 12 Grooved asphalt
Statistik (2011)
Passengers 69.433.230
Passenger change 10-11 5,4%
Aircraft movements 480.906
Movements change 10-11 5,7%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS and EUROCONTROL[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Bandar Udara Internasional London Heathrow adalah bandara utama yang melayani Kota London, Britania Raya dan merupakan bandara tersibuk di negara tersebut. Di dunia, Heathrow adalah bandara tersibuk ke-5 di dunia,setelah Bandara Internasional Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta dan O'Hare di Amerika Serikat dan pada 2004 memiliki jumlah penumpang terbanyak di Eropa mengalahkan Bandara Charles de Gaulle dan Bandara Internasional Frankfurt.

Kode IATA bagi bandara ini adalah LHR dan kode ICAO-nya adalah EGLL.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Heathrow dimulai pada tahun 1930-an dengan nama Great Western Aerodrome. Bangunan awal tersebut kira-kira terletak di Terminal 3 sekarang dan pada saat itu belum ada penerbangan komersial karena bandara London saat itu adalah Bandara Croydon.

Pada 31 Mei 1946, Heathrow dibuka untuk penerbangan sipil. Sekarang, Heathrow memiliki lima terminal.

Maskapai[sunting | sunting sumber]

Passenger services[sunting | sunting sumber]

A British Airways aircraft on stand at Terminal 5, preparing its flight to Tokyo Narita as BA5
British Airways Boeing 747-400 in Oneworld livery at Heathrow Airport
United Boeing 747SP at Heathrow (1993)
A All Nippon Airways Boeing 747-400 landing at London Heathrow Airport
Aircraft at Heathrow in 2007.
British Airways' promotional banner above the check in desks at Terminal 5.
Alitalia Airbus 321-100 landing at London Heathrow Airport
Alitalia Airbus 321-100 taking off at London Heathrow Airport
Two airlines! British Airways and Aer Lingus at London Heathrow Airport.
Maskapai Tujuan Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens, Larnaca 1
Aer Lingus Belfast-International, Cork, Dublin, Shannon 1
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 4
Air Algérie Algiers 4
Air Astana Almaty 4
Air Canada Calgary, Edmonton, Halifax, Montréal-Trudeau, Ottawa, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver
Seasonal: St. John's
3
Air China Beijing-Capital 3
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 4
Air India Delhi, Mumbai 4
Air Malta Malta 4
Air Mauritius Mauritius 4
Air New Zealand Auckland, Hong Kong, Los Angeles 1
Alitalia Milan-Linate, Rome-Fiumicino 4
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Narita 3
American Airlines Boston, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New York-JFK, Raleigh/Durham 3
Arik Air Abuja, Lagos 4
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon 1
Austrian Airlines Vienna 1
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku 4
Batavia Air Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta [mulai Desember 2012] Akan diumumkan
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka, Dubai 4
BMI Addis Ababa, Agadir, Almaty, Amman-Queen Alia, Amritsar, Baku, Basel/Mulhouse [ends 20 May 2012], Beirut, Belfast-City, Bishkek, Cairo, Casablanca, Damascus, Dammam, Dublin, Edinburgh, Freetown, Jeddah, Khartoum, Manchester, Marrakech, Moscow-Domodedovo, Nice, Riyadh, Tbilisi, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tripoli, Vienna, Yerevan
Seasonal: Bergen, Stavanger
1
BMI
operated by BMI Regional
Aberdeen, Dublin, Hanover, Manchester
Seasonal: Bergen, Edinburgh, Stavanger
1
British Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Bucharest-Otopeni, Budapest, Gibraltar, Helsinki, Larnaca, Lisbon, Prague, Singapore, Sydney, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin 3
British Airways Aberdeen, Abu Dhabi, Abuja, Accra, Algiers [ends 24 March 2012], Amsterdam, Athens, Atlanta, Bahrain, Baltimore, Bangalore, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing-Capital, Berlin-Brandenburg [begins 3 June 2012], Berlin-Tegel [ends 2 June 2012], Bologna [begins 29 April 2012], Boston, Brussels, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cairo, Calgary, Cape Town, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Denver, Doha, Dubai, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Entebbe, Frankfurt, Geneva, Glasgow-International, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Grand Cayman, Hamburg, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Houston-Intercontinental, Hyderabad, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jeddah, Johannesburg, Kiev-Boryspil, Kuwait, Lagos, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Luanda, Lusaka, Luxembourg, Lyon, Madrid, Manchester, Mexico City, Miami, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Montréal-Trudeau, Moscow-Domodedovo, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, Nairobi, Nassau, New York-JFK, Newark, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pisa, Providenciales, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, St Petersburg, San Diego, San Francisco, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai-Pudong, Sofia, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Toulouse, Tripoli [resumes 1 May 2012][3], Vancouver, Venice, Washington-Dulles, Zürich 5
Brussels Airlines Brussels 1
Bulgaria Air Sofia 4
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 3
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan [ends 25 March 2012] 4
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai-Pudong 4
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou [begins 6 June 2012][4] 4
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Seasonal: Rijeka, Split
1
Cyprus Airways Larnaca 1
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, Miami [ends 17 April 2012], Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK 4
EgyptAir Cairo, Luxor, Sharm el-Sheikh 3
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 1
Emirates Dubai 3
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa 3
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 4
EVA Air Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Taipei-Taoyuan 3
Finnair Helsinki 3
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn [begins 25 March 2012], Stuttgart 1
Gulf Air Bahrain 4
Iberia Madrid 3 [5 from 25 March]
Icelandair Reykjavik-Keflavík 1
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 3
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita 3
Jat Airways Belgrade 4
Jet Airways Delhi, Mumbai 4
Kenya Airways Nairobi 4
Kingfisher Airlines Delhi, Mumbai 4
KLM Amsterdam 4
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 4
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon 4
Kuwait Airways Kuwait, New York-JFK 4
Libyan Arab Airlines Tripoli 4
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 1
Lufthansa Cologne/Bonn [resumes 25 March 2012], Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Munich 1
Lufthansa
operated by BMI
Berlin-Brandenburg [begins 3 June 2012], Berlin-Tegel [ends 2 June 2012], Cologne/Bonn [ends 24 March 2012] 1
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Eurowings
Dresden 1
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur 4
Middle East Airlines Beirut 3
Oman Air Muscat 3
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore 3
Qantas Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi [ends 25 March 2012][5], Hong Kong [ends 25 March 2012][5], Melbourne, Singapore, Sydney 3
Qatar Airways Doha 4
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca, Tangier 4
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan, Dubai 4
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia 3
Saudi Arabian Airlines Dammam, Jeddah, Riyadh 4
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda 3
Singapore Airlines Singapore 3
South African Airways Cape Town, Johannesburg 1
SriLankan Airlines Colombo, Malé [ends 25 March 2012][6] 4
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich 1
Syrian Air Damascus 4
TAM Airlines Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, São Paulo-Guarulhos 1
TAP Portugal Lisbon
Seasonal: Funchal
1
TAROM Bucharest-Otopeni 4
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 3
Transaero Moscow-Domodedovo 1
Tunisair Tunis 4
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 3
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat 3
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles 1
United Airlines Houston-Intercontinental, Newark 4
US Airways Philadelphia 1
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent 4
Virgin Atlantic Airways Accra, Boston, Delhi, Dubai, Hong Kong, Johannesburg, Lagos, Los Angeles, Miami, Nairobi, New York-JFK, Newark, San Francisco, Shanghai-Pudong, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita, Washington-Dulles
Seasonal: Cape Town, Chicago-O'Hare, Vancouver [begins 24 May 2012][7]
3
Vueling Airlines A Coruña, Bilbao, Vigo 3
Cities with direct international airlinks with Heathrow.

Kargo[sunting | sunting sumber]

Maskapai Tujuan
British Airways World Cargo Abu Dhabi, Amman-Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Brussels, Budapest, Cairo, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Delhi, Dubai, Frankfurt, Glasgow-Prestwick, Hong Kong, Johannesburg, Manchester (UK), Mexico City, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Mumbai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seoul-Incheon, Singapore Sofia, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Toronto-Pearson
Cathay Pacific Cargo Frankfurt, Glasgow-Prestwick, Hong Kong, Milan-Malpensa
DHL Amsterdam, Brussels, East Midlands, Frankfurt, Madrid, Paris-Charles de Gaulle. Plus several other destinations
Etihad Crystal Cargo Abu Dhabi, Frankfurt
EVA Air Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Dubai, Taipei-Taoyuan
Korean Air Cargo Seoul-Incheon
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur
Royal Air Maroc Cargo Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Cargo Amman-Queen Alia
Singapore Airlines Cargo Brussels, Singapore

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama aip
  2. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama Airportstats
  3. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/british-airways-resume-flights-tripoli-103547565.html
  4. ^ http://www.cs-air.com/en/ad/20120207/20120118_0.html
  5. ^ a b "Qantas and BA announce JSA revamp". Business Traveller. 16 August 2011. Diakses 16 August 2011. 
  6. ^ Airlines Summer 2012 International Flight Schedule - Effective 26 March 2012
  7. ^ The Vancouver Sun (Vancouver) http://www.vancouversun.com/business/Virgin+Atlantic+offer+direct+flights+between+Vancouver+London/5665015/story.html Missing or empty |title= (help).