Angkatan Udara Rakyat Korea

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Pesawat MiG-29 dari Angkatan Udara Rakyat Korea (Korea Utara).

Angkatan Udara Rakyat Korea, (Korean: 조선 인민군 공군, Hanja:朝鲜人民军空军), adalah nama dari pasukan penerbangan terpadu dari Republik Demokratik Rakyat Korea. Angkatan Udara Rakyat Korea adalah cabang kedua terbesar dari Tentara Rakyat Korea dengan perkiraan 110.000 personil. Angkatan Udara Rakyat Korea ini memiliki antara 1.600 dan 1.700 pesawat dari berbagai jenis, sebagian besar asal Soviet dan Cina.

Tugas utamanya adalah untuk mempertahankan wilayah udara Korea Utara. Ketika Tentara Rakyat dibentuk dengan bantuan Soviet, unit penerbangan menjadi cabang kekuatan udara pada 20 Agustus 1947. Korea Utara telah merayakan 20 Agustus sebagai Air Day.

Aircraft Inventory[sunting | sunting sumber]

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[1] Comments
Fighter aircraft
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29  Uni Soviet Fighter Aircraft
Operational conversion
MiG-29B
MiG-29UB
35
5
Used to defend Pyongyang[2] 9.12B and UB 9.51 models; Google Earth Imagery is available.[3]
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23  Uni Soviet Fighter Aircraft MiG-23ML 56 Google Earth Imagery is available.[3]
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21  Uni Soviet Fighter Aircraft
Fighter Aircraft
Operational Conversion
MiG-21PFM
MiG-21bis
MiG-21U
>150 Google Earth Imagery is available.[3]
Chengdu F-7  Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Fighter Aircraft F-7B 40
Shenyang F-6  Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Fighter Aircraft Shenyang F-6 98[4]
Shenyang F-5  Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Fighter Aircraft Shenyang F-5 100[4]
Strike aircraft
Harbin H-5  Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Strategic bomber Harbin H-5 80 At least 40 Il-28's and H-5's are confirmed to exist in a servicable condition at Uiju and Chanjin-Up AFB's. Google Earth Imagery is available.[3]
Nanchang A-5  Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Strike aircraft Nanchang A-5 40
Sukhoi Su-25  Uni Soviet Strike aircraft
Operational conversion
Su-25K
Su-25UBK
32
4
Google Earth Imagery is available.[3]
Sukhoi Su-7  Uni Soviet Strike aircraft Su-7BMK 18
Mil Mi-24  Uni Soviet Helicopter gunship Mi-24D 20
Trainer Aircraft
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15  Uni Soviet Training aircraft MiG-15UTI 30
Nanchang CJ-6  Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Training aircraft Nanchang CJ-6 180
Aero L-39  Cekoslowakia Training aircraft L-39C 12
Shenyang F-5  Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Training aircraft FT-5 135
Transport aircraft
Ilyushin Il-76  Uni Soviet Heavy transport Il-76MD 3 Also in service with Air Koryo
Ilyushin Il-62  Uni Soviet Heavy transport Il-62M 2
Antonov An-24  Ukraina Tactical transport An-24 6 At least one converted to a rudimentary AEW aircraft in the 1990s
Antonov An-2  Uni Soviet Utility transport various c. 300 Formerly grounded due to high fuel costs[5] Recently seen operationally in footage of 2013 Military Exercises
Lisunov Li-2  Uni Soviet Utility transport Lisunov Li-2 Few in number Google Earth Imagery is available.[3]
Mil Mi-26  Uni Soviet Heavy transport Mi-26 4 Google Earth Imagery is available.[3]
Mil Mi-8  Uni Soviet Utility Mi-8T 15 Google Earth Imagery is available.[3]
Mil Mi-2  Polandia
 Korea Utara
Utility various 140 Locally produced[butuh rujukan]
Harbin Z-5  Republik Rakyat Tiongkok Medium transport Z-5 48
Reconnaissance / UAV
Antonov An-24  Korea Utara AEW Unknown at least 1[6] Local conversion using a N019 radar from MiG-29 aircraft
Tupolev Tu-143  Uni Soviet UAV DR-3 at least 1[7]
MD 500D  Amerika Serikat Scout helicopter Unknown 87 Imported from Germany
MQM-107  Amerika Serikat UAV MQM-107D, Local Copies Unknown Developing an unmanned flying bomb version using examples bought from Syria.[8]
ASW
Mil Mi-14  Uni Soviet ASW helicopter Mi-14PL 10

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ OrBat North Korea - MilAvia Press.com: Military Aviation Publications
  2. ^ Bermudez, Joseph. "KPA Journal Vol.2 No.4". Journal. Diakses 29 May 2011. 
  3. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama Google_Earth_image_here
  4. ^ a b Adam Baddeley (February 2011). "The AMR Regional Air Force Directory 2011". Asian Military Review. Diarsipkan dari aslinya tanggal 2012-11-01. Diakses 19 July 2011. 
  5. ^ Air Forces Monthly, December 2007 issue, p.27.
  6. ^ Bermudez, J. "MiG-29 in KPAF Service", The KPA Journal, vol. 2 No. 4, April 2011, p. 2
  7. ^ ASIAN REGION UAV PROGRAMMES, Asian Defense Review, 17 December 2010
  8. ^ "N. Korea developing unmanned attack aircraft from U.S. drones: source". Yonhap. 2012-02-05. Diakses 19 June 2012. 

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