Aérospatiale Gazelle

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Aerospatiale Gazelle AH1 Royal Marines in Iraq 2002.JPEG

Aérospatiale Gazelle adalah helikopter ringan dengan lima tempat duduk , bermesin turbin tunggal. Helikopter ini didesai dan dibuat di Perancis oleh Sud Aviation ( kemudian Aérospatiale), dan juga dibuat dengan lisensi oleh Westland Aircraft di Inggris ( dikenal sebagai Westland Gazelle), oleh SOKO di Yugoslavia, dan ABHCO di Egypt. Helikopter Gazelle telah digunakan di banyak angkatan udara di seluruh dunia.

Spesifikasi (SA 341)[sunting | sunting sumber]

AEROSPATIALE, WESTLAND GAZELLE.png

Karakteristik umum[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Kru: 2
  • Kapasitas: 3 Penumpang
  • Panjang: 11,97 m (39 ft 0 in)
  • Main rotor diameter: 10,5 m (34 ft 6 in)
  • Tinggi: 3,15 m (10 ft 3 in)
  • Main rotor daerah: 86,5 m 2 (931 ft 2 )
  • Berat kosong: 908 kg (£ 2002)
  • Berat kotor: 1.800 kg (£ 3970)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Turbomeca Astazou IIIA turboshaft, 440 kW (590 hp)

Prestasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Kecepatan maksimum: 310 km / h (193 mph)
  • Kecepatan jelajah: 264 km / h (164 mph)
  • Rentang: 670 km (416 mil)
  • Layanan langit-langit: 5.000 m (16.405 kaki)
  • Tingkat panjat: 9 m / s (1.770 ft / min)

Budaya populer[sunting | sunting sumber]

Dua Gazelle yang dimodifikasi untuk bintang sebagai serangan / pengawasan berteknologi tinggi helikopter pada tahun 1983 aksi-thriller Film Blue Thunder. Sebuah Gazelle digunakan sebagai bagian dari semi-truk futuristik dalam serial televisi The Highwayman .

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Cocault Gerald. "A l'assaut du desert". French army (ALAT) in the first Gulf war (1990) ISBN 9782810623297
  • Ashton, Nigel and Bryan Gibson. The Iran-Iraq War: New International Perspectives. Taylor & Francis, 2013. ISBN 1-13511-536-2.
  • Chant, Chris (2013). Air War in the Falklands 1982. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-47280-051-6. 
  • Crawford, Stephen. Twenty First Century Military Helicopters: Today's Fighting Gunships. Zenith Imprint, 2003. ISBN 0-76031-504-3.
  • Eden, Paul, ed. (2004). The Encyclopedia of Modern Military Aircraft. London, UK: Amber Books. ISBN 1-904687-84-9. 
  • Feiler, Gil. Economic Relations Between Egypt and the Gulf Oil States, 1967-2000: Petro Wealth and Patterns of Influence. Sussex Academic Press, 2003. ISBN 1-90390-040-9.
  • Gunston, Bill; Lake, Jon; Mason, Francis K. (1990). "A-Z of Aircraft: Aerospatiale Gazelle". Airplane Magazine 1 (6): p. 165. 
  • Field, Hugh. "Anglo-French rotary collaboration goes civil." Flight International, 8 February 1973. pp. 173–174.
  • Field, Hugh (12 April 1973). "Nimble Gazelle". Flight International: pp. 585–589 
  • "Franco–British Antelope: The First Ten Years in the Life of the Aerospatiale/Westland Gazelle". Air International 13 (6): pp. 277–283, 300. December 1977. 
  • Fricker, John (February 1973). "The Gazelle: Looking at American Pastures". Flying Magazine 92 (2): pp. 72–76. 
  • Giorgio, Apostolo (1984). "SA.341 Gazelle". The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Helicopters. New York: Bonanza Books. ISBN 978-0-517-43935-7. 
  • Hoyle, Craig (13–19 December 2011). "World Air Force Directory". Flight International 180 (5321): pp. 26–52. ISSN 0015-3710. 
  • Hunter, Jane. Israeli Foreign Policy: South Africa and Central America. South End Press, 1987. ISBN 0-89608-285-7.
  • Keucher, Ernest R. "Military assistance and foreign policy". Air Force Institute of Technology, 1989. ISBN 0-91617-101-9.
  • Lowry, Richard. The Gulf War Chronicles: A Military History of the First War with Iraq. iUniverse, 2008. ISBN 0-59560-075-1.
  • McClellan, J. Mac (December 1989). "Churning up the Soup". Flying Magazine 116 (12): pp. 30–31. ISSN 0015-4806. 
  • McGowen, Stanley S. Helicopters: An Illustrated History Of Their Impact. ABC-CLIO, 2005. ISBN 1-85109-468-7.
  • "Mid '70s Roundup". Flying Magazine 98 (2): p. 94. February 1976. 
  • Pollack, Kenneth Michael. Arabs at War: Military Effectiveness, 1948-1991. University of Nebraska Press, 2002. ISBN 0-80320-686-0.
  • Ripley, Tim. Conflict in the Balkans: 1991-2000. Osprey Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84176-290-3.
  • Spiller, Roger J. Combined arms in battle since 1939. U.S. Army Command and General Staff College Press, 1992. ISBN 1-42891-537-0.
  • Taylor, John W. R. (1982). Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1982–83. London: Jane's Yearbooks. ISBN 0-7106-0748-2. 
  • Tucker, Spencer S. The Encyclopedia of Middle East Wars: The United States in the Persian Gulf, Afghanistan, and Iraq Conflicts. ABC-CLIO, 2010. ISBN 1-85109-948-4.
  • Wallis, Andrew. Silent Accomplice: The Untold Story of France's Role in the Rwandan Genocide. I.B.Tauris, 2006. ISBN 1-84511-247-4.
  • Zoubir, Yahia H. "North Africa in Transition: State, Society, and Economic Transformation in the 1990s". University Press of Florida, 1999. ISBN 0-81301-655-X.

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